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Losartan

INFORMATION

Uses

Losartan is used in the treatment of increased blood pressure , heart failure, heart attack and diabetic kidney disease.

How it works

Losartan relaxes blood vessels which lowers the blood pressure and also reduces the workload of the heart.

Common side effects

Numbness, Pain in extremity, Back pain, Bone pain, Joint pain, Chest pain, Difficulty in swallowing, Facial swelling, Lip swelling, Heartburn, Hoarseness of voice, Muscle cramp

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Expert advice

  • Losartan may cause dizziness and lightheadedness. To avoid this, take the Losartan at bedtime, drink plenty of water and get up slowly after sitting or lying down.
  • Avoid driving, if you feel dizzy after consuming Losartan.
  • Avoid taking potassium supplements and potassium-rich foods such as banana and broccoli.
  • Notify your doctor immediately if you are or planning to become pregnant. 
  • Losartan should be discontinued a day prior to the scheduled surgery.
  • Your doctor may recommend a change in the lifestyle to lower your blood pressure. It may include:
    •  Consume fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, and reduce saturated-total fat.
    • Reduce daily dietary sodium intake as much as possible, ideally to 65 mmol/day (1.5 g/day sodium or 3.8 g/day sodium chloride).
    • Regular aerobic physical activity (at least 30 minutes/day, most days of the week).

Frequently asked questions

Losartan

Q.Is losartan a blood thinner?
No, losartan is from a class of medications called angiotensin II receptor antagonists. It works by blocking the action of certain natural substances that tighten the blood vessels, allowing the blood to flow more smoothly and the heart to pump more efficiently

Q.Is losartan safe?
Losartan is safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor

Q.Is losartan the same as losartan potassium?
Yes. Losartan is available in the market as losartan potassium. So, the salt form of losartan contains potassium, however, check the bottle before use

Q.Is losartan generic?
Yes, it is the generic drug

Q.Is losartan a water pill?
No, it belongs to a class of medications called angiotensin II receptor antagonists

Q.Is losartan gluten free?
Yes. losartan is gluten free. However, please refer to package insert of the prescribed brand before use

Q.Does losartan contain potassium?
Losartan is available in the market as losartan potassium. So, the salt form of losartan contains potassium, however, check the bottle before use

Q.Can I take losartan with Benadryl/atenolol/Xanax/Viagra/Nyquil/metoprolol?
Atenolol, metoprolol and Xanax may lower blood pressure when taken along with losartan. No clinically observed drug interaction is observed with Viagra, Nyquil, and alcohol. Please follow doctor’s advice regarding its use

Q.Does losartan cause constipation/infrequent urination/ drowsiness/ headache/ itching/ cough/ lower heart rate?
Losartan causes headache, drowsiness. Constipation, infrequent urination, itching, cough and low heart rate are not reported. Patient should fallow doctor’s advice regarding the possible side effects.


Content on this page was last updated on 05 December, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)