Test Detail
Overview
Interpreting Results
FAQ's

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Written by
Dr. Betina Chandolia
BDS, MDS - Oral Pathology and Microbiology
Reviewed by
Dr. Ashish Ranjan
MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)
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Hepatitis C Virus Antigen

(HCV Ag)
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You need to provide
Blood
This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. No special preparation required

Overview


What is HCV Ag?

You should get this test done when you have risk factors for HCV infection like you are on long term dialysis, have received a blood transfusion, have injected illegal drugs, you have evidence of chronic liver disease. It is also done when you may have been exposed to hepatitis C virus, such as through contact with infected blood.

Why is HCV Ag done?

  1. If you have signs or symptoms suggesting hepatitis like jaundice, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, decreased appetite 
  2. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) also recommends HCV antibody testing if you have ever injected illegal drugs, you have been exposed to someone with Hepatitis C infection, you have evidence of chronic liver disease, you have HIV, or you are on long term dialysis

Interpreting HCV Ag results


Interpretations

  • A negative HCV antibody test usually indicates no infection with Hepatitis C virus 
  • A positive or indeterminate HCV antibody test along with a negative HCV RNA test usually indicates past infection or no infection. Additional tests are needed
  • A positive or indeterminate HCV antibody test along with positive HCV RNA test indicates current infection

Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about HCV Ag


Frequently Asked Questions about Hepatitis C Virus Antigen

Q. Once I have recovered from HCV, can I get infected again?
Yes, a prior infection with HCV does not protect you from another infection, it does not make you immune to HCV

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