Test Detail
Overview

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Written by
Dr. Betina Chandolia
BDS, MDS - Oral Pathology and Microbiology
Reviewed by
Dr. Ashish Ranjan
MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)
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Ferric Chloride Test

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You need to provide
Urine
This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. Urine sample must preferably be the midstream urine (part of urine that comes after first and before the last stream). Collect the urine sample in a sealed and sterile container provided by our sample collection professional. Make sure that the container doesn't come in contact with your skin.

Overview


What is Ferric Chloride Test?

This test is used for the diagnosis of phenylketonuria. It checks for the presence of phenols and phenylpyruvate in the urine sample which indicates an individual's disability to digest phenylalanine, an essential amino acid for body.

This test is mostly used as a screening test in case of newborns, however older children with symptoms such as delayed development, intellectual difficulties, musty odor in the breath, skin or urine and microcephaly, should get tested.

If left untreated severe conditions such as intellectual disability, seizures, delayed development, behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders can arise.

Why is Ferric Chloride Test done?

  1. The test is performed when symptoms of metabolic disorders appear like rapid or random weight gain or loss, abnormal bowel movements, fatigue and weakness
  2. To evaluate overdose of drugs like aspirin
  3. As screening test for Phenylketonuria

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