Test Detail
Overview
Interpreting Results
FAQ's

Content created by

Written by
Dr. Shreya Gupta
BDS, MDS - Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
Reviewed by
Dr. Lalit Mohan Gupta
MBBS, MD - Microbiology
Want to know more?
Read our Editorial Policy

Progesterone

ADD TO CART
Progesterone
You need to provide
Blood
This test is for
Female
Test Preparation
  1. No special preparation required

Overview


What is Progesterone?

Progesterone is a steroid hormone which, along with other female hormones, helps to prepare the female body for pregnancy and maintains a proper menstrual cycle. The Progesterone Test is performed to measure the levels of progesterone in blood.

Why is Progesterone done?

  • To identify the cause of female infertility by helping track ovulation (release of egg from ovary)
  • To help diagnose an ectopic pregnancy (a condition where the fertilized egg is implanted somewhere other than the uterus)
  • To monitor the treatment with progesterone hormone
  • To monitor the health of the fetus and placenta, especially in high risk pregnancy
  • To determine the cause of abnormal bleeding from the uterus

 



What does Progesterone Measure?

The progesterone test measures the levels of progesterone in the blood. Progesterone is a hormone which helps to prepare the female body for pregnancy and maintain normal menstrual cycle and coordinate  with other female hormones. Every month, the menstrual cycle begins with an increase in the level of estrogen hormone. This causes thickening of the inner lining of the uterus called endometrium. This coincides with an increase in levels of luteinizing hormone which induces the release of an egg from the ovary. Subsequently, a structure called corpus luteum forms on the ovary at the site where the egg was released. The corpus luteum produces progesterone hormone which arrests the endometrial growth and prepares the uterus for implantation of the fertilized egg.

At this juncture one of two things may happen. If the egg remains unfertilized, the corpus luteum slowly breaks down and progesterone levels fall. This induces breakdown of the endometrial lining and menstrual bleeding starts. However, if the egg is fertilized and attaches to the endometrium, the corpus luteum does not degenerate and continues progesterone secretion, thereby maintaining the thickened endometrial lining. After a few weeks of pregnancy, the placenta becomes fully formed and takes over the function of progesterone secretion till the completion of pregnancy. Therefore, increased progesterone levels are seen in pregnancy.

Levels of progesterone also fluctuates during normal menstrual cycle. Progesterone is secreted in much lower amounts in males, and is considered to play a small role in sperm development.

Few cancers can also result in abnormal progesterone levels in men and women.


Interpreting Progesterone results


Interpretations

If the result of a single progesterone test falls outside the normal range, it cannot be considered an abnormal result since progesterone levels change continuously. Abnormal results appear if the patient’s blood progesterone levels fall outside the normal range in multiple subsequent tests.

Apart from pregnancy, higher than normal progesterone levels can be seen in cases of:

·         Ovarian cysts

·         Ovarian cancer

·         Molar pregnancy or non-viable pregnancy

·         Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)

·         Adrenal cancer

Lower than normal progesterone levels can be seen in cases of:

·         Amenorrhea or no menstruation

·         Anovulation

·         Ectopic pregnancy

·         Miscarriage or death of fetus

Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Progesterone


Frequently Asked Questions about Progesterone

Q. How is this test performed?
This test is performed on a blood sample. A syringe with a fine needle is used to withdraw blood from a blood vessel in your arm. The healthcare provider will tie an elastic band around your arm to make the blood vessels swell with blood. This makes it easier to withdraw blood. You may be asked to tightly clench your fist. Once the veins are clearly visible, the area is cleaned with an antiseptic solution and then the needle is inserted into the blood vessel to collect the sample. You will feel a tiny pinprick during the procedure. Blood sample once collected will then be sent to the laboratory.
Q. Is there any risk associated with this test?
There is no risk associated with the test. However, since this test involves a needle prick to withdraw the blood sample, in very rare cases, a patient may experience increased bleeding, hematoma formation (blood collection under the skin), bruising or infection at the site of needle prick.
Q. Is there any preparation required before the test?
Inform the doctor about the medications you may be taking. No other specific preparations are usually required before this test.
Q. What factors can affect the progesterone test results?
The factors which can affect the progesterone test results are: · Certain medications like steroids, birth control pills, ampicillin, clomiphene etc. · Recent exposure to radioactive substances, as in the case of undergoing imaging scans like Thyroid Scan or Bone scan · Time of day as progesterone levels fluctuate during day · Phase of menstrual cycle
Q. What other tests can be prescribed by your doctor in case of abnormal progesterone result?
Additional tests that may be prescribed in case of abnormal progesterone test result are: · Estrogen Test · hCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) Test · Luteinising Hormone (LH) Test · Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Test · Uterine Ultrasound
+ more

NABL

CAP

ISO

We focus on providing patients quality diagnostic healthcare services in India. Through our network, we offer patients convenient locations for their diagnostic healthcare services and efficient service. With over 3368 diagnostic and related healthcare tests and services offered, we believe we are capable of performing substantially all of the diagnostic healthcare tests and services currently prescribed by physicians in India. Our key competitive strengths are: Business model focused on the...
Know More

Available at Other Labs



INDIA’S LARGEST HEALTHCARE PLATFORM

150M+
Visitors
25M+
Orders Delivered
1000+
Cities
Get the link to download App
+91
Reliable

All products displayed on 1mg are 100% genuine and all labs listed on the platform are accredited

Secure

1mg uses Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 128-bit encryption and is Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliant

Affordable

Enjoy 20% off on allopathy medicines, up to 50% off on health products, up to 80% off on lab tests and free doctor consultations

India's only LegitScript and ISO/IEC 27001 certified online healthcare platform
Know More About 1mg
Access medical and health information

1mg provides you with medical information which is curated, written and verified by experts, accurate and trustworthy. Our experts create high-quality content about medicines, diseases, lab investigations, Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products, Ayurvedic herbs/ingredients, and alternative remedies.

Order medicines online

Get free medicine home delivery in over 1000 cities across India. You can also order Ayurvedic, Homeopathic and other Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products. Your safety is our top priority. All products displayed on 1mg are 100% genuine.

Book lab tests

Book any lab tests and preventive health packages from certified labs and get tested from the comfort of your home. Enjoy free home sample collection, view reports online and consult a doctor online for free.

Consult a doctor online

Got a health query? Consult doctors online from the comfort of your home for free. Chat privately with our registered medical specialists to connect directly with verified doctors. Your privacy is guaranteed.