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Chronic salt-losing conditions Extended release 2.4-4.8 g/day, up to 12 g/day. Prevention of muscle cramps during routine haemodialysis.

How it works

Sodium chloride is the major extracellular cation. It is important in electrolyte and fluid balance, osmotic pressure control and water distribution as it restores sodium ions. It is used as a source of electrolytes and water for hydration, treatment of metabolic acidosis, priming solution in haemodialysis and treatment of hyperosmolar diabetes. It is also used as diluents for infusion of compatible drug additives.

Common side effects

Decreased salivation, Fever, Increased sodium level in blood, Tachycardia


Content on this page was last updated on 28 September, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)