Author Details
Scientific View By
MSc, M.Tech
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
Reviewed By
MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated:
11 Dec 2019 | 12:24 PM (IST)

Want to know more?

Read Our Editorial Policy

Have issue with the content?

Report Problem

Makhana

Makhana
Makhana is the seed of the lotus plant that is used in the preparation of sweets as well as savories. These seeds can be consumed raw or in cooked form. Makhana is also used for medicinal purposes.
Makhana has high nutritional value as it is a rich source of proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, potassium, iron, and zinc. It gives a feeling of fullness when taken as a snack and prevents overeating thereby helping in weight loss. Makhana is beneficial for overall skin health (wrinkles and signs of aging) due to the presence of antioxidants and certain amino acids that have anti-aging property.
According to Ayurveda, Makhana helps improve male sexual health as it increases sperm quality and quantity due to its aphrodisiac property. Eating Makhana might also help control diarrhea as its strong astringent property helps slow down the passage of stool through the digestive tract thereby reducing the frequency of passing stool.
Excessive consumption of Makhana might cause constipation, bloating and flatulence[2][3][8].

What are the synonyms of Makhana?

Euryale ferox, Makhatram, Paniyphalam, Makhatrah, Kantpadma, Mellunipadmamu, Makhna, Jeweir, Makhane, Makhane, Sivsat, Thanging, Gorgon fruits, Prickly water lily, Makhana lawah, Mukhresh, Mukhareh, Fox nut

What is the source of Makhana?

Plant Based

Benefits of Makhana

1. Male Sexual Dysfunction
Sexual Dysfunction in men can be in the form of loss of libido i.e., having no inclination towards a sexual act. There can also be a low erection time or semen expelled soon after a sexual activity. This is also referred to as ‘early discharge or premature ejaculation. Intake of Makhana helps in proper functioning of male sexual performance. This is because it increases the quality and quantity of semen. This is due to its Vajikarna (aphrodisiac) property.
Tip:
a. Take 1-2 handful Makhana or as per your requirement.
b. Shallow fry the Makhana in 1/2-1 teaspoon of ghee.
c. Have it with milk or add to any food.

2. Diarrhea
Diarrhea is known as Atisar in Ayurveda. It is due to improper food, impure water, toxins, mental stress and Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). All these factors are responsible for aggravating Vata. This aggravated Vata brings fluid in the intestine from various tissues from the body and mixes with the stool. This leads to loose, watery motions or diarrhea. Eating Makhana may help your body absorb more nutrients and control your diarrhea. This is due to its Grahi (absorbent) property.
Tips:
a. Take 1-2 handful Makhana or as per your requirement.
b. Shallow fry the Makhana in 1/2-1 teaspoon ghee.
c. Have it with light food.

3. Insomnia
Anidra (Insomnia) is associated with an aggravated Vata. Taking Makhana helps in insomnia due to its Vata balancing and Guru (heavy) nature.
Tips:
a. Take 1-2 handful Makhana or as per your requirement.
b. Shallow fry the Makhana in 1/2-1 teaspoon ghee.
c. Have it with milk at night.

4. Osteoarthritis
According to Ayurveda, osteoarthritis occurs due to an aggravation of Vata dosha and is known as Sandhivata. It causes pain, swelling, and joint immobility. Makhana has Vata balancing property and gives relief from the symptoms of osteoarthritis, like pain and swelling in the joints.
Tips:
a. Take 1-2 handful Makhana or as per your requirement.
b. Shallow fry the Makhana in 1/2-1 teaspoon ghee.
c. Have it with milk or add to any food.

Precautions when using Makhana

Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
It is safe to take Makhana in food amounts during pregnancy. However, due to the lack of scientific evidence, it is advised to consult your doctor before taking Makhana[3].

How to use Makhana

1. Makhana
a. Take 1-2 handful Makhana or as per your requirement.
Or, you can also add a few Makhana to your salads.

2. Roasted Makhana
a. Heat oil in a pan on full flame.
b. Once the oil is hot, bring the flame to a simmer.
c. Add the Makhana and roast until crunchy.
d. Season the Makhana with salt, black pepper powder and chaat masala (optional).
e. Eat 2-3 handfuls a day or add to salads.

3. Makhana powder (or Makhana flour)
a. Take 2-3 cups of Makhana and grind it to form powder.
b. Take ½ cup of Makhana powder in a bowl.
c. Add hot water in small quantities and mix well with a spoon or whisk. Make sure no lumps remain.
d. Add ghee at the end and mix well.
e. Let it cool and add honey before having.

Frequently asked questions

Q. How many calories are there in Makhana?

scientific
Modern Science View
Makhana is low in calorie and high in fibre as well as good carbohydrates. There are 180 calories in about 50g of Makhana.

Q. Can we eat Makhana during fast?

scientific
Modern Science View
Makhana, also known as Lotus seeds, are light, digestible, high in good carbohydrates, proteins and fibre. This makes them suitable for consumption during fasting.

Q. How do you make roasted Makhana?

scientific
Modern Science View
1. Heat oil in a pan on full flame.
2. Once the oil is steaming hot, bring the flame to a low level.
3. Add the Makhana to the pan and roast until crunchy.
4. Season the Makhana with salt, pepper and chaat masala (optional).

Q. Is Makhana and lotus seeds same?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Makhana is the same as lotus seeds, also known as Fox nuts.

Q. How do you make Makhana porridge?

scientific
Modern Science View
1. Makhana porridge is an easy and nutritional dish for babies.
2. Take ½ cup of Makhana powder in a bowl.
3. Add hot water in small quantities and mix well with a spoon or whisk. Make sure no lumps remain.
4. Add ghee at the end and mix well.
5. Let it cool and add honey before having.

Q. Can Makhana help to reduce fatigue?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Makhana is useful in reducing fatigue. Increase in free radical formation leads to physical and emotional stress. Makhana has antioxidant property that fights against the free radicals and reduces stress. Makhana might increase the level of glycogen in the liver. These act as a major source of energy during exercise[4].

Q. Is Makhana good for diabetes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Makhana is good for diabetes. This is due to its hypoglycemic and antioxidant properties. Makhana helps to lower the blood glucose levels. This might be due to its ability to release insulin from the pancreatic β-cells. Makhana prevents the damage of pancreatic β-cells and helps in restoring their activity. It also reduces the risk of diabetic complications[5].

Q. Is Makhana good for heart patients?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Makhana is good for heart patients. It has both antioxidant and cardioprotective properties. Makhana reduces the chances of myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury (tissue damage when the blood flow returns to the tissue after a period of lack of oxygen). It improves the blood supply and reduces the size of the myocardial infarct (a small localized area of dead tissue due to lack of blood supply). Due to its antioxidant property, Makhana also prevents damage of the blood vessels[6].

Q. Can Makhana be used in case of male infertility?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Makhana can be used in case of male infertility. It increases the stickiness of semen that improves semen quality and quantity. Makhana also increases sexual desire and prevents early discharge of semen[7].

Q. Does Makhana cause cough?

scientific
Modern Science View
No, Makhana does not cause cough. In fact, in traditional medicine, Makhana powder along with honey has been used to manage cough[3].

Q. Can Makhana cause gas?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, excessive consumption of Makhana may lead to gas, flatulence and bloating. This is because Makhana is Guru (heavy) in nature and takes time to digest. This leads to gas formation.

Q. Is Makhana good for weight loss?

scientific
Modern Science View
Makhana is a good source of protein, carbohydrates, fibre, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, iron and zinc. They are low in cholesterol, fat and sodium. Makhana gives a feeling of fullness when taken as a snack and controls overeating. Their low sodium and high magnesium content prevents water retention and thus helps in weight loss in obese people[8].

Q. What are the benefits of Makhna for skin?

scientific
Modern Science View
Makhana is rich in antioxidants and certain amino acids which has anti-ageing property. It tightens the skin, prevents wrinkles and controls early signs of ageing. Thus it is good for overall skin health[10].

Q. Are there any side effects of eating Makhana?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific data is not available regarding side effects caused by Makhana, eating too much Makhana may cause constipation, bloating and flatulence. Makhana which is basically Lotus seeds may also contain some heavy metals which come through the water in which they are grown and may cause damage to health[9].

References

  1. Balkrishnan A.Makhana.Ayurved Jadi Buti Rehsya.Danik Bhaskar.2017.
  2. Masram P, Patel KS, Kori VK.Makhana (Euryale ferox Salisb)-A Review.Int J Ayu Pharm Chem.2015;4(2):69-76.
  3. Pal I, Dey P.A review on lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) seed.International Journal of Science and Research.2013;4(7):1659-1666.
  4. Wu CY, Chen R, Wang XS, et al. Antioxidant and anti-fatigue activities of phenolic extract from the seed coat of Euryale ferox Salisb. and identification of Three Phenolic Compounds by LC-ESI-MS/MS. Molecules.2013;18:11003-11021.
  5. Ahmed D, Kumar V, Verma A, et al. Antidiabetic, antioxidant, antihyperlipidemic effect of extract of Euryale ferox salisb. with enhanced histopathology of pancreas, liver and kidney in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. SpringerPlus.2015;4:315.
  6. Das S, Der P, Raychaudhuri U, et al. The effect of Euryale ferox (Makhana), an herb of aquatic origin, on myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury. Mol Cell Biochem.2006;289(1-2):55-63.
  7. Masram P, Patel KS, Kori VK, et al. Makhana (Euryale ferox Salisb)-A review. Int J Ayu Pharm Chem.2015;4(2):69-76.
  8. Kumar P, Kumar S.The Ultimate Guide to Cooking Desserts the Indian Way.2016.External Link
  9. Arya P, Sharma A, Gupta RK.Fortification of calcium and iron with Phoenix dactylifera (Palm Date) and Euryale forex (Makhana) in Wheat and Ragi cookies: Formulation, Physiochemical and Nutritional analysis.International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition.2017:2(4): 196-200External Link
  10. Jana BR, Idris M.Anti-aging Amino Acids in Euryale ferox (Salisb.): A Review.Adv Plants Agric Res .2018. 8(2).External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

INDIA’S LARGEST HEALTHCARE PLATFORM

150M+
Visitors
25M+
Orders Delivered
1000+
Cities
Get the link to download App
Reliable

All products displayed on 1mg are procured from verified and licensed pharmacies. All labs listed on the platform are accredited

Secure

1mg uses Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 128-bit encryption and is Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliant

Affordable

Find affordable medicine substitutes, save up to 50% on health products, up to 80% off on lab tests and free doctor consultations.

India's only LegitScript and ISO/IEC 27001 certified online healthcare platform

Know More About 1mgdownArrow

Access medical and health information

1mg provides you with medical information which is curated, written and verified by experts, accurate and trustworthy. Our experts create high-quality content about medicines, diseases, lab investigations, Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products, Ayurvedic herbs/ingredients, and alternative remedies.

Order medicines online

Get free medicine home delivery in over 1000 cities across India. You can also order Ayurvedic, Homeopathic and other Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products. Your safety is our top priority. All products displayed on 1mg are procured from verified and licensed pharmacies.

Book lab tests

Book any lab tests and preventive health packages from certified labs and get tested from the comfort of your home. Enjoy free home sample collection, view reports online and consult a doctor online for free.

Consult a doctor online

Got a health query? Consult doctors online from the comfort of your home for free. Chat privately with our registered medical specialists to connect directly with verified doctors. Your privacy is guaranteed.