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MSc (Biotechnology), BSc
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated on:
21 Aug 2019 | 03:30 PM (IST)
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Jamun

Jamun
Jamun or Black plum is a healthy Indian summer fruit. The fruit is sweet, sour and astringent in taste and can give a purplish color to your tongue. Eating Jamun fruit is the best way to obtain its maximum health benefits. Jamun can also be consumed in other forms such as juice, vinegar, tablets, capsule and churna, all of which have a variety of medicinal properties.
Jamun helps in weight loss as it promotes digestion as well as removes excessive fat easily from the body. It is also found to be effective in chronic diarrhea due to its astringent property. Jamun also helps provide relief from gas or flatulence due to its carminative property.
Jamun helps manage skin associated problems such as skin allergy, rashes and redness due to its strong healing activity. The pulp of Jamun fruit can be applied to get relief from inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory property.
According to Ayurveda, it is advisable to avoid the consumption of Jamun as it may cause constipation due to its Grahi (absorbent) property. It is also important to monitor your blood sugar level regularly while using Jamun seed powder if you are taking anti-diabetic drugs as it can cause a sudden dip in sugar levels[1-4][7].

What are the synonyms of Jamun?

Syzygium cumini, Java plum, Black plum, Jambol, Jambolan, Jambul, Kala jam, Jamalu, Neredu, Chettu, Saval naval, Naval, Nerale

What is the source of Jamun?

Plant Based

Benefits of Jamun

What are the benefits of Jamun for Inflammation of the airways (bronchitis)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Jamun can be used for the management of bronchitis[4][5].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Jamun is good if you have cough related problems like bronchitis. In Ayurveda, this disease is known as Kasroga and is caused by poor digestion. Poor diet and incomplete elimination of wastes lead to the formation of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) in the form of mucus in the lungs. This leads to bronchitis. Eating Jamun helps digest Ama due to its Pachan (digestive) properties. It also removes excessive accumulated mucus from the lungs due to its Kapha balancing property.
Tips:
1. Take 3-4 teaspoons of Jamun fresh juice.
2. Add the same quantity of water and drink after taking light breakfast once a day.
3. Repeat daily to control the symptoms of bronchitis.

What are the benefits of Jamun for Asthma?

scientific
Modern Science View
Jamun can be used for the management of asthma[4][5].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Jamun helps to control the symptoms of asthma and gives relief in case of breathlessness. According to Ayurveda, the main doshas involved in asthma are Vata and Kapha. The vitiated ‘Vata’ combines with deranged ‘Kapha dosha’ in the lungs causing obstruction in the respiratory passage. This results in difficulty in breathing. This condition is known as Swas Roga (Asthma). Eating Jamun helps to balance Kapha and remove excess mucus from the lungs. This gives relief from the symptoms of asthma.
Tips:
1. Take 3-4 teaspoons of Jamun fresh juice.
2. Add the same quantity of water and drink after taking light breakfast once a day.
3. Repeat daily to control the symptoms of Asthma

What are the benefits of Jamun for Dysentery?

scientific
Modern Science View
Jamun can be used for the management of severe diarrhea and dysentery due to its astringent and antimicrobial property[4][5].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Diarrhea is known as Atisar in Ayurveda. It is due to improper food, impure water, toxins, mental stress and Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). All these factors are responsible for aggravating Vata. This aggravated Vata brings fluid in the intestine from various tissues from the body and mixes with the stool. This leads to loose, watery motions or diarrhea. Jamun and its seed powder helps to control diarrhea. This is because of its Kashaya (astringent) and Grahi (absorbent) properties. It helps to thicken loose stool and control the frequency of loose motion or diarrhea.
Tips:
1. Take ¼ - ½ teaspoon of Jamun seed churna.
2. Swallow it with water after taking light food to control diarrhea.

What are the benefits of Jamun for Increasing sexual desire?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Erectile dysfunction in men can be in the form of loss of libido i.e., having no inclination towards a sexual act. There can also be a low erection time or semen expelled soon after a sexual activity. This is also referred to as early discharge or premature ejaculation. Taking Jamun or its seed powder helps to correct male sexual dysfunction and also improve stamina. This is due to its Vajikarana (aphrodisiac) property.
Tips:
1. Take ¼ - ½ teaspoon of Jamun seed Churna
2. Swallow it with honey after lunch and dinner to improve sexual performance.

How effective is Jamun?

Likely ineffective
Diabetes mellitus (Type 1 & Type 2)
Insufficient evidence
Asthma, Constipation, Depression, Dysentery, Flatulence (gas formation), Increasing sexual desire, Inflammation of the airways (bronchitis), Mouth ulcers, Muscle spasm, Sore throat

Precautions when using Jamun

Advice from Experts
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Consult your doctor before taking Jamun if you have digestion problems.
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Jamun may lower the blood sugar level. So it is generally advisable to monitor your blood sugar level while taking Jamun along with antidiabetic drugs[4].

Recommended Dosage of Jamun

  • Jamun Juice - 3-4 teaspoon once a day.
  • Jamun Churna - ¼- ½ teaspoon twice a day
  • Jamun Capsule - 1-2 capsules twice a day.
  • Jamun Tablet - 1-2 tablets twice a day.

How to use Jamun

1. Jamun Fresh Fruit
Eat Jamun fresh fruit as per your taste after taking food.

2. Jamun Fresh Juice
a. Take 3-4 teaspoon of Jamun fresh Juice.
b. Add same quantity of water and drink after taking light breakfast once a day.

3. Jamun seed Churna
a. Take ¼ - ½ teaspoon of Jamun seed Churna.
b. Swallow it with water or honey after lunch and dinner.

4. Jamun seed Capsules
a. Take 1-2 Jamun seed Capsules.
b. Swallow it with water after lunch and dinner.

5. Jamun Tablet
a. Take 1-2 tablets of Jamun.
b. Swallow it with water after lunch and dinner.

6. Jamun Vinegar
a. Take 2-3 teaspoons of Jamun Vinegar.
b. Add the same quantity of water and take it once or twice before taking food.

Benefits of Jamun

What are the benefits of Jamun for Skin regeneration?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Jamun pulp helps in quick healing of skin ulcers and reduces inflammation. It also brings back the normal texture of the skin. This is due to its Sita (cold) and Ropan (healing) properties.
Tips:
1. Take 1/2- 1 teaspoon of Jamum pulp or as per your requirement.
2. Make a paste with honey.
3. Apply evenly on the affected area.
4. Let it remain the whole day for quick healing of ulcers.

How effective is Jamun?

Insufficient evidence
Skin regeneration

Precautions when using Jamun

Allergy
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Jamun juice or Seed powder should be used externally with rose water or honey if your skin is hypersensitive.

Recommended Dosage of Jamun

  • Jamun Juice - 1-2 teaspoon or as per your requirement.
  • Jamun Powder - ½ -1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.

How to use Jamun

1. Jamun Fresh Fruit or Leaves Paste
a. Take ½ - 1 teaspoon of Jamun fresh fruit or leaves paste.
b. Add rose water to it and apply to the affected area.
c. Let it sit for 15-20 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
e. Use this remedy once a day or thrice a week to manage ulcers and swelling.

2. Jamun Seed Powder
a. Take ½ - 1 teaspoon of Jamun seed powder.
b. Add honey to it and apply to the affected area.
c. Let it sit for 15-20 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
e. Use this remedy once a day or thrice a week to manage skin problems.

3. Jamun Juice with Honey
a. Take 1-2 teaspoon of Jamun juice.
b. Add honey to it and apply to the affected area.
c. Let it sit for 15-20 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
e. Use this remedy once a day or thrice a week to manage skin blemish.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What are the chemical constituents of Jamun?

scientific
Modern Science View
It is rich in iron, vitamin A and vitamin C and is beneficial for maintaining overall health of eye and skin. Jamun is one of the richest source of antioxidants and is fully loaded with flavonoids that is essential for complete health. It contains various chemical compounds like oxalic acid, gallic acid etc. which makes this fruit capable of fighting against malaria and various other microbial and bacterial infections.

Q. What forms of Jamun is available in the market?

scientific
Modern Science View
Most common form of Jamun available is Jamun fruit. Eating Jamun in the form of fruits is the best way to obtain its maximum benefits. Other forms of Jamun available in the market is Juice, Vinegar, Tablets, Capsule and churna under various brands. You can choose the brand and product according to your liking and requirement.

Q. Can we eat Jamun at night?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Jamun can be eaten at any time of the day as it has a number of health benefits. However, enough scientific evidence is not available to relate Jamun’s benefit of consumption with the specific time of the day.

Q. Is jamun safe for diabetic people?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Monitor your blood sugar level while using Jamun seed powder or fresh fruit if you are already taking antidiabetic drugs. This is because Jamun has blood sugar lowering property.

Q. What are the health benefits of Jamun vinegar?

scientific
Modern Science View
Jamun vinegar prepared from ripe Jamun is a stomachic (helps digestion) that improves appetite. It has carminative property due to which it provides relief from gas or flatulence problem. Jamun vinegar also increases the production of urine due to its diuretic property. It is also found to be effective in chronic diarrhea and spleen enlargement[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Jamun vinegar helps to improve digestion and appetite due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachana (digestion) properties. It is also beneficial in some conditions like diabetes due to its Kapha balancing property and diarrhea due to its Grahi (absorbent) property.

Q. Does Jamun help in protecting the liver?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Jamun seed powder protects the liver due to its antioxidant property . The antioxidants fight against the damage caused by free radicals and protects the liver cells. This helps protect the liver from certain illnesses. Jamun also has anti-inflammatory property which helps reduce inflammation in the liver[8][9].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Jamun might help in protecting the liver and liver-related conditions like indigestion or anorexia. It improves digestion by increasing your appetite and also provides strength to the liver due to its Deepana (appetizer) and Pachana (digestion) properties.

Q. Is Jamun beneficial in treating sore throat and cough?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Jamun is considered to be beneficial in managing sore throat and cough. The bark of Jamun tree is sweet and digestive and helps soothe sore throat. Also, Jamun seed extract has antiviral properties which protects the body from respiratory infections such as asthma, bronchitis etc[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Sore throat and cough are conditions that occur due to an imbalanced Kapha dosha. This leads to the formation and accumulation of mucus in the respiratory pathway. Jamun helps to improve these conditions due to its Kapha balancing property and provides relief from the symptoms of sore throat and cough.

Q. Does Jamun help in improving the immune system?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Jamun juice might help enhance the immune system due to the presence of antioxidants. Vitamin C present in Jamun fights against the free radicals and prevents cell damage. This helps to improve the immune system by reducing oxidative stress[10][11].

Q. Does Jamun help improve bone strength?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Jamun helps to improve bone strength. It is due to the presence of minerals like magnesium and calcium that helps in bone strengthening[12].

Q. Does Jamun helps purify blood?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Jamun helps to purify blood due to the presence of iron. Iron content present in Jamun improves the haemoglobin count. It also helps enrich blood due to the presence of essential minerals, vitamins, anthocyanins and flavonoids. Thus, the blood purifying property of Jamun helps keep the skin healthy and glowing[7][11].

Q. Does Jamun help fight anemia and fatigue related to it?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Jamun helps to manage anemia and related fatigue. High iron content in Jamun helps to improve haemoglobin count and therefore manages anemia. Additionally, vitamin C present in Jamun helps to reduce fatigue by inhibiting oxidative stress in the body[11].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Anemia is a condition that occurs due to an imbalance of Pitta dosha. This leads to lower level of haemoglobin in the body and some related symptoms such as fatigue. Jamun might help to manage anemia due its Pitta balancing property that helps to prevent and provide relief from the symptoms of anemia.

Q. Is it safe to eat Jamun during pregnancy?

scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available to support the role of Jamun consumption during pregnancy. So, it is generally advisable to consult your doctor before eating Jamun during pregnancy[4].

Q. How can Jamun leaves be used to improve health?

scientific
Modern Science View
Jamun leaves consist of certain constituents such as flavonol glycosides that helps to manage conditions such as diabetes, jaundice, urinary problems etc. The ash of the leaves is used for stronger teeth and gums. It is also effective against opium poisoning and centipede bite. A decoction of Jamun leaves juice along with either milk or water can be prepared and consumed to manage certain illness[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Jamun leaves can be given in some bleeding disorders like bleeding in motion or during heavy periods that occur due to an imbalanced Pitta dosha. Jamun leaves might help manage these conditions due to its Pitta balancing property. Its leaves can also be beneficial in managing the symptoms of anemia if given with Lauh Bhasma due to its Pitta balancing property.

Q. Is Jamun powder helpful for weight loss?

scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available for the role of Jamun powder in weight loss.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Weight gain occurs due to the accumulation of excessive fat in the body resulting from poor or weak digestion. Jamun helps to improve the digestion process and removes excessive fat easily from the body due to its Deepana (appetizer) and Pachana (digestion) properties. This helps to manage your normal weight.

Q. Is Jamun good for skin?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Jamun helps to manage skin problems like skin allergy, redness, rashes, and ulcer because of its Sita (cold) and Ropan (healing) nature. Because of these properties, Jamun reduces inflammation and promotes healing when applied to the affected area.

References

  1. Ravi K, Ramachandran B, Subramanian S,et.al.Protective effect of Eugenia jambolana seed kernel on tissue antioxidants in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.Biol Pharm Bull.2004;27(8):1212-7.
  2. Bhatia IS, Bajaj KL.Chemical constituents of the seeds and bark of Syzygium cumini.Planta Med. 1975;28(4):346-52.
  3. Ayyanarand M, Babu SP.Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels: A review of its phytochemical constituents and traditional uses.Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2012; 2(3):240–246.
  4. WebMD.Jambolan: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  5. Ayyanar M, Subash-Babu P. Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels: A review of its phytochemical constituents and traditional uses. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed.2012;2(3):240-246.
  6. Chagas VT, França LM, Malik S, et al. Syzygium cumini (L.) skeels: A prominent source of bioactive molecules against cardiometabolic diseases. Frontiers in Pharmacology.2015;6.
  7. Ayyanar M, Babu S.P. Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels: a review of its phytochemical constituents and traditional uses. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2012;2(3):240-246.
  8. Behera SR, Sekkizhar M, Babu S. Hepatoprotective activity of Aqueous Extract of Syzygium cumini Seed on Streptozotocin Induced Diabetes in Rats. International Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine. 2014;4(2):1470-1477.
  9. Donepudi AC, Aleksunes LM, Driscoll MV et al. The traditional ayurvedic medicine, Eugenia jambolana (Jamun fruit), decreases liver inflammation, injury and fibrosis during cholestasis. Liver Int. 2012 ;32(4):560-573.
  10. Mohamed AA, Ali SI, El-Baz FK.Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of Crude Extracts and Essential Oils of Syzygium cuminiLeaves. PLOS one. 2013;8(4):1-7.
  11. Bijauliya RK, Alok S, Sabharwal M et al. Syzygium cumini (Linn.) - An overview on morphology, cultivation, traditional uses and pharmacology. Int J Pharm Sci & Res 2018; 9(9): 3608-3620.
  12. Sehwag S, Das M. Nutritive, therapeutic and processing aspects of Jamun, Syzygium cuminii (L.) skeels-An overview. Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources. 2014;5(4):295-307.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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