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Ph.D. (Biochemistry), M.Sc (Human Genomics)
Ayurvedic View By
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated on:
16 Dec 2019 | 03:20 PM (IST)
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Chamomile

Chamomile
Chamomile, commonly known as German Chamomile is also referred to as “star among medicinal species”. It is widely grown in India and is best known for its flowers that produce essential oil used in aromatherapy. Commercially, Chamomile oil is used in perfumes, cosmetics, and food industry.
Chamomile tea is rich in antioxidants that improve the brain functions by preventing brain cell damage. Drinking Chamomile tea before going to bed promotes restful sleep and helps in insomnia. It is effective in the common cold due to its antibacterial property. It provides a soothing effect and relieves irritation of the mucous membrane of the nose.
Chamomile is beneficial for the skin. Applying Chamomile topically helps to reduce symptoms of eczema due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Chamomile cream is also used to soothe and heal wounds due to the presence of antioxidants. Inhaling steam containing Chamomile extract is one of the most effective home remedies for managing common cold and sore throat.
Generally, Chamomile is considered safe for internal and external use but it is advisable to avoid its excessive consumption as it might cause drowsiness and vomiting[1-3][22].

What are the synonyms of Chamomile?

Matricaria chamomilla, Chamomilla, German Chamomile, Wild Chamomile, Roghan babunah, Gul-babunah.

What is the source of Chamomile?

Plant Based

Benefits of Chamomile

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Diarrhea?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile might help manage diarrhea due to its antidiarrheal and antispasmodic properties. It helps in relaxing the smooth muscles of the intestine and reduces the symptoms like stomach pain and cramps associated with diarrhea[5].

Tips for using Chamomile in Diarrhea
a. Take ½ - 1 cup of pineapple and 1 banana.
b. Take 10-15gm (or as per your requirement) of Chamomile powder.
c. Mix them and add 1 cup of coconut milk to it.
d. Blend them properly to make a delicious smoothie.
e. Enjoy it to get rid of the symptoms of stomach and intestinal disorders.

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Common cold symptoms?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile tea is found to be effective in relieving the symptoms of Common cold-like Sore throat, Cough, Congestion, etc. It has anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties which helps to relax the respiratory passages and ease breathing. It improves the immune system and fights against infections due to its antimicrobial properties. It also provides a soothing effect and relieves irritation of the mucous membranes in the nose. Inhaling steam containing Chamomile extract also helps in reducing the symptoms of the common cold[6][7].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Anxiety?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile decoction might help in reducing anxiety due to its anxiolytic properties. It contains certain constituent (apigenin) that suppresses the activity of a chemical messenger (GABA) in the brain that induces anxiety. This helps to calm down the central nervous system and decreases the symptoms of anxiety[6][8].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Insomnia?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile tea might help manage insomnia due to its sedative properties. It contains certain constituents (apigenin) which provides a relaxing and calming effect on the brain and induces sleep[6].

Tips for using Chamomile in Insomnia
a. Take a few dried flowers of Chamomile in a bowl or kettle.
Pour boiling water over it.
b. Keep it for 5 minutes.
c. Strain the water in a cup using a strainer.
d. You can add honey and mint for adding taste and flavor to it.
Drink this Chamomile Tea once or twice a day to get quick and sound sleep.

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Colicky pain?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile tea might help manage infantile colic due to its antispasmodic property. It inhibits smooth muscle contraction in the baby’s stomach. This relieves muscle spasms and provides relief from the pain associated with colic[6][9].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Flatulence (gas formation)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile tea is found to be effective in managing gastrointestinal problems like gas due to its carminative property. It helps in expulsion of gas from the stomach and reduces flatulence. It also soothes the stomach and provides relaxation to the intestinal muscles[6][10][15].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Menstrual pain?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile tea might help reduce menstrual cramps due to its antispasmodic property. It relieves the spasms of involuntary muscles. It inhibits the production of mediators that are involved in pain as well as inflammation and reduces the pain associated with menstrual cramps due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties[6][11].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile might be useful in the management of Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) due to its stimulant property. It improves the transmission of messages between the brain and the body that makes a person feel more energetic and confident. It controls impulses and manages the symptoms of Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)[12].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Motion sickness?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile might help in managing the symptoms of travel (or motion) sickness such as nausea and vomiting due to the presence of certain constituents. These constituents have an antiemetic property that prevents vomiting and nausea during traveling[6][13].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Fibromyalgia?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile helps manage the symptoms of Fibromyalgia due to the presence of certain constituents which have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. They inhibit the mediators of pain and inflammation and manages the symptoms associated with Fibromyalgia such as muscle pain and stiffness[14].

How effective is Chamomile?

Likely effective
Anxiety, Colicky pain, Diarrhea
Insufficient evidence
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Common cold symptoms, Fibromyalgia, Flatulence (gas formation), Insomnia, Menstrual pain, Motion sickness

Precautions when using Chamomile

Advice from Experts
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile might interact with anesthesia or other medicines used during surgery. So it is advisable to avoid Chamomile 2 weeks before surgery[4].
Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile, when taken by mouth, might cause certain allergic reactions like throat swelling and shortness of breath. So, it is advisable to consult a physician before using Chamomile for internal use[9].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available for the use of Chamomile during breastfeeding. So, it is recommended to avoid or consult a physician before taking Chamomile during breastfeeding[4][9].
Minor Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
It is advisable to avoid the use of Chamomile along with estrogen and birth control pills as it might decrease the effectiveness of these pills[4].
Moderate Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile might increase the risk of bleeding when taken with anticoagulants or antiplatelet drugs. So it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before using it with anticoagulants[4][9].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile contains certain constituents that might alter blood sugar levels. So it is advisable to consult a physician while taking Chamomile along with antidiabetic medications[4][9].
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile contains certain constituents that might alter blood pressure levels. So it is advisable to consult a physician while taking Chamomile along with antihypertensive medications[4][9].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile should be avoided during pregnancy as it might act as a uterine stimulant and lead to miscarriage[4][9].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Drowsiness
2. Sedation[4][9].

How to use Chamomile

1. Chamomile Tea
a. Take a few dried flowers of Chamomile in a bowl or kettle.
Pour boiling water over it.
b. Keep it for 5 minutes.
c. Strain the water in a cup using a strainer.
d. You can add honey and mint for adding taste and flavor to it.
e. Drink this Chamomile Tea once or twice a day to get rid of the symptoms of digestive problems, respiratory problems, and menstrual cramps.

2. Chamomile Smoothie
a. Take ½ - 1 cup of pineapple and 1 banana.
b. Take 10-15gm (or as per your requirement) of Chamomile powder.
c. Mix them and add 1 cup of coconut milk to it.
d. Blend them properly to make a delicious smoothie.
e. Enjoy it to get rid of the symptoms of stomach and intestinal disorders.

Benefits of Chamomile

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Wound healing?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile might help in wound healing due to its healing properties. The antioxidants present in Chamomile help in wound contraction as well as closure. They also help in the formation of collagen and new skin cells. Chamomile might reduce inflammation at the wound site and also reduce the risk of further infection due to its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. This promotes early healing of the wound[6][7].

Tips for using Chamomile for wound healing
a. Take a few dried Chamomile flowers (as per your requirement).
b. Grind them to make a powder.
c. Mix this powder with coconut oil to make a suitable paste.
d. Apply this paste on wounds or other skin problems like dryness, rashes or boils.

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Dermatitis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific information is not available for the role of Chamomile in Radiation dermatitis. However, a study suggests that Chamomile gel might delay the development of radiation dermatitis[21].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Inflammation of gums?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile tea is found to be effective in managing Gum diseases due to its anti-inflammatory and astringent properties. It reduces the inflammation in gums and causes the contraction of gums which helps in gum tightening. It also reduces the risk of bacterial infections in the mouth due to its antibacterial property[6].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Vaginitis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Vaginitis involves symptoms like itching, vaginal discharge, and pain with urination. Chamomile water might help manage symptoms of vaginitis by reducing inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory property[6][9].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Piles?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile might help manage the symptoms of hemorrhoids due to its astringent property. It contracts skin cells or other tissues which helps provide relief from burning, itching, and pain associated with hemorrhoids. It also helps reduce inflammation in the anal or rectal area due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Chamomile is used in the form of ointment or its tincture is used in sitz bath to manage hemorrhoids[6].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Hay fever?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile preparations might help manage symptoms of Hay fever due to its anti-inflammatory properties. It inhibits the mediators of inflammation responsible for stimulating an allergic response. Some studies suggest that drinking Chamomile tea or inhaling vapors containing Chamomile oil promotes the secretion and removal of sputum from the air passages and ease breathing[6][24].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Nasal allergy symptoms?

scientific
Modern Science View
Topical application of Chamomile might help in nasal inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory properties. It clears the blockage in the nose by reducing the inflammation. This provides relief from nasal disorders[6].

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Eczema?

scientific
Modern Science View
The topical application of Chamomile might help in reducing the symptoms of eczema due to its anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces the pain and inflammation in the affected area. It also reduces the itchiness and redness and provides a soothing effect to the skin[9][6].

Tips for using Chamomile oil in Eczema
a. Take dry Chamomile flowers from the market.
b. Wash and let them dry completely by keeping under the sun.
c. Take a clean and dry airtight glass jar.
d. Pour olive oil in the jar and leave a space of about ½ - 1 inch from the top.
e. Add Chamomile dried flowers to the jar and stir them until they immerse completely.
f. Cover the jar with a lid and keep it in sunlight for 6-8 hours every day for at least 2 weeks.
g. After 2 weeks filter and transfer this Chamomile oil to another clean jar.
h. You can also add Rosemary oil to prevent oxidation.
i. Use this oil directly on the affected area to get quick relief in skin disease.

What are the benefits of Chamomile for Skin conditions with inflammation & itching?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available for the role of Chamomile in Peristomal lesions. However, studies suggest that Chamomile decoction might help manage lesions by providing relief from itching and inflammation due to its healing and soothing properties[23].

How effective is Chamomile?

Likely ineffective
Dermatitis
Insufficient evidence
Eczema, Hay fever, Inflammation of gums, Nasal allergy symptoms, Piles, Skin conditions with inflammation & itching, Vaginitis, Wound healing

Precautions when using Chamomile

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
Chamomile might sometimes cause allergic reactions like pink eye (allergic conjunctivitis) and skin reactions (dermatitis and eczema) in some people. So, it is recommended to avoid or consult a physician before using Chamomile[9][15].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available for the external use of Chamomile during breastfeeding. So, it is recommended to avoid or consult a physician before using Chamomile during breastfeeding[4][9].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available for the external use of Chamomile during pregnancy. So, it is recommended to avoid or consult a physician before using Chamomile during Pregnancy[4][9].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Atopic dermatitis
2. Eczema[9].

How to use Chamomile

1. Chamomile Paste
a. Pour hot water over dry Chamomile flowers and let it boil for 20 minutes.
b. After that, strain the liquid and add honey and lemon juice to it.
c. Mix well to make a suitable paste.
d. Apply this paste on a clean face and leave it for 15-20 minutes.
e. Wash it off with normal water.
f. Repeat once a week to get rid of pimples or acne.

2. Chamomile Liquid or Extract
a. Take water in a bowl and bring it to boil.
b. Add dried Chamomile flowers and simmer the stove.
Leave it for 5-7 minutes.
c. Strain the Chamomile liquid and squeeze the flowers to take out the extract from them.
d. Add honey and lemon juice in this liquid and blend the ingredients well.
e. Pour mixture into a bottle and store it in a fridge.
f. The maximum shelf life is 4 days.
g. Apply it on the face and neck and keep it for 10-15 minutes.
Wash off with normal water to get spotless and glowing skin.

3. Chamomile Tea
a. Take Chamomile tea as per your requirement.
b. Mix it with brown sugar and olive oil to make a scrub.
c. Apply it gently on the face and massage for 5-10 minutes.
d. Wash it off with lukewarm water.
e. Repeat twice a week to get rid of dead skin.

4. Chamomile Tea Bags
a. Take Chamomile tea bags.
b. Soak them in hot water for 5-10 minutes.
c. Let it cool down for the next 3-5 minutes.
d. Put the cooled tea bag over the eyes.
e. Keep it for about 5 minutes and then rinse your eyes with normal water.
f. This will relax the stressed eyes after working on computers for long hours or watching tv continuously and will provide relief in dark circles and puffiness of eyes.

5. Chamomile Powder
a. Take a few dried Chamomile flowers (as per your requirement).
b. Grind them to make a powder.
c. Mix this powder with coconut oil to make a suitable paste.
d. Apply this paste on wounds or other skin problems like dryness, rashes or boils.

6. Chamomile Oil
a. Take dry Chamomile flowers from the market.
b. Wash and let them dry completely by keeping under the sun.
c. Take a clean and dry airtight glass jar.
d. Pour Olive oil in the jar and leave a space of about ½ - 1 inch from the top.
e. Add Chamomile dried flowers to the jar and stir them until they immerse completely.
f. Cover the jar with a lid and keep it in sunlight for 6-8 hours every day for at least 2 weeks.
g. After 2 weeks filter and transfer this Chamomile oil to another clean jar.
h. You can also add Rosemary oil to prevent oxidation.
i. Use this oil directly from the jar and apply it on the abdomen to get rid of digestive problems. You can also use it in joints pain, wounds, burns or any other skin problem. It can also be added to a diffuser for aromatherapy in depression or any other nervous problem.

Frequently asked questions

Q. How to make Chamomile tea?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Tips to make Chamomile tea
a. Take a few dried flowers of Chamomile in a bowl or kettle.
b. Pour boiling water over it.
c. Keep it for 5 minutes.
d. Strain the water in a cup using a strainer.
e. You can add honey and mint for taste and flavor to it.
f. Serve the delicious tea to get rid of all digestive problems, respiratory problems, and menstrual cramps.

Q. How to make a Chamomile face mask?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Tips for making Chamomile anti-acne mask
a. Pour hot water over dry Chamomile flowers and let it boil for 20 minutes.
b. After that, strain the liquid and add honey and lemon juice to it.
c. Mix well to make a suitable paste.
d. Apply this paste on a clean face and leave it for 15-20 minutes.
e. Wash it off with normal water.
f. Repeat once a week to get rid of pimples or acne.

Q. Can I drink Chamomile tea everyday?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, you can drink Chamomile tea regularly. Regular use of Chamomile tea might help maintain blood pressure levels, reduces stress, anxiety, sleep and provides relaxation to the blood vessels[6].

Q. Is Chamomile good for asthma?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile is good for asthma due to its anti-histaminic and anti-inflammatory properties. Chamomile throat spray blocks the release of inflammatory mediators (histamine). It reduces inflammation and clears the obstruction in the airways and helps ease breathing[16].

Q. Is Chamomile good for brain?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile tea might be good for the brain due to its antioxidant properties. The antioxidants present in Chamomile helps fight against free radicals and prevents brain cell damage. This improves the brain functions and prevents problems like Alzheimer’s disease, memory loss, etc[17].

Q. Is Chamomile good for diverticulitis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile tea is considered to be good for diverticulitis (infection or inflammation of pouches that are formed in intestines) due to its anti-inflammatory properties. It might reduce the inflammation in the intestine and manage symptoms associated with diverticulitis[6][18].

Q. Is Chamomile tea good for early pregnancy?

scientific
Modern Science View
No, Chamomile tea is not an ideal option for early pregnancy. It acts as a uterine stimulant and might lead to miscarriage. So, it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before using Chamomile tea[4][6][9].

Q. Is Chamomile good for indigestion?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile tea is good for indigestion. Certain constituents present in Chamomile relaxes the gut wall and regulates proper movements in the digestive tract (known as peristaltic movements). This carries food easily to the stomach and helps in digestion[6][16].

Q. Is Chamomile good for migraines?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile in the form of tea might help in migraines due to its calming, soothing and nerve tonic properties. It soothes the nerves and provides a calming effect on the head. This helps in managing symptoms of migraine[16][19].

Q. Can Chamomile improve immunity?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile tea is considered to be good for immune system due to its immunomodulatory property. It helps to alter the immune response of the body and improves immunity. This helps the body to fight against infection-causing agents and prevent infections[6][10].

Q. Is Chamomile good for arthritis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile is good for arthritis due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Certain constituents present in Chamomile might inhibit the activity of an inflammatory protein. This reduces pain and swelling associated with arthritis[6][18].

Q. Is Chamomile helpful in intestinal spasms?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile might help reduce intestinal spasms due to its antispasmodic property. It reduces the contraction of intestinal smooth muscles and relieves intestinal spasms[6][19].

Q. Is Chamomile helpful in diabetes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile is helpful in diabetes due to its antioxidant properties. It prevents the damage of pancreatic beta cells and enhances insulin secretion. This lowers blood sugar levels and might manage diabetes[6][20].

Q. Can Chamomile tea make you sleepy?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile tea might make you feel sleepy due to its sedative properties. The antioxidants present in Chamomile provides a relaxing and calming effect to the brain and induces sleep[6].

Q. Can Chamomile cause vomiting?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available for the role of Chamomile in causing vomiting. However, excessive consumption or higher doses of Chamomile might cause vomiting[9].

Q. Is Chamomile good for acne?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, inhaling steam containing Chamomile might help manage symptoms of acne due to its anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces pain and inflammation associated with acne[1][6].

Q. Is Chamomile good for hair?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile oil might be good for hair as it prevents dryness of hair due to its soothing and softening properties[6].

Q. Is Chamomile good for inflammation?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chamomile tea is good for inflammation of mucous membranes of the throat and mouth. It is used as a mouthwash or gargle to reduce the inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory properties[6].

References

  1. Franke R, Schilcher H.Chamomile: Industrial Profiles.CRC Press.2005.External Link
  2. Timothy KK and Mwangi M.Studies on German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) propagation and the effect of light and age on seed viability.J Anim Plant SCI.2015;24(2):3781-3786.External Link
  3. Zadeh JB and Kor NM.Chamomile (Matricaria recutita) As a Valuable Medicinal Plant.Int J Adv Biol Biom Res.2014;2(3):823-829.External Link
  4. WebMD.German Chamomile: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].External Link
  5. Mehmood MH, Munir S, Khalid UA, et.al.Antidiarrhoeal, antisecretory and antispasmodic activities of Matricaria chamomilla are mediated predominantly through K+-channels activation.BMC Complement Altern Med.2015;15(75):1-9.External Link
  6. Srivastava JK, Shankar E, Gupta S.Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with bright future.Mol Med Report.2010;3(6):895-901.External Link
  7. Ravikumar C.Review on herbal teas.J.Pharma.Sci and Res.2014;6(5):236-238.External Link
  8. Hofmann SG.Psychobiological Approaches for Anxiety Disorders: Treatment Combination Strategies.John Wiley & Sons.2012.External Link
  9. Ulbrich CE. Natural Standard Herb & Supplement Guide- An Evidence-Based Reference. 2010
  10. Das M.Chamomile: Medicinal, Biochemical, and Agricultural Aspects.CRC Press.2014.External Link
  11. Mirabi P, Alamolhoda SH, Esmaeilzadeh S, et.al.Effect of Medicinal Herbs on Primary Dysmenorrhoea- a Systematic Review.Iran J Pharm Res.2014;13(3):757-767.External Link
  12. Niederhofer H.Observational study: Matricaria chamomilla may improve some symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.Phytomedicine : International journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology.2009;16(4):284-286.External Link
  13. Sanaati F, Najafi S, Kashaninia Z, et.al.Effect of Ginger and Chamomile on Nausea and Vomiting Caused by Chemotherapy in Iranian Women with Breast Cancer.Asian Pac J Cancer Prev.2016;17(8):4125-4129.External Link
  14. Mahjoub F, Salari R, Noras MR, et.al.Are Traditional Remedies Useful in the Management of Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome? A Review Study.Journal of evidence based complementary and alternative medicine.2017;22(4):1011-1016.External Link
  15. Singh O, Khanam Z, Misra N, et.al.Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.): An overview.Pharmacogn Rev.2011;5(9):82-85.External Link
  16. Khare CP.Indian Herbal Remedies: Rational Western Therapy, Ayurvedic and Other Traditional Usage, Botany.Springer Science & Business Media.2011.
  17. Sayyar Z, Yazdinezhad A, Hassan M, et.al.Protective Effect of Matricaria chamomilla Ethanolic Extract on Hippocampal Neuron Damage in Rats Exposed to Formaldehyde.Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity.2018.External Link
  18. Antol MN.Healing Teas: A Practical Guide to the Medicinal Teas of the World -- from Chamomile to Garlic, from Essiac to Kombucha.Penguin.1995.External Link
  19. Bahmani M, Saki K, Golshahi H, et.al.Ethnobotanical and therapeutic uses of chamomille.J Chem Pharm Res.2015;7(1):640-645.External Link
  20. Cemek M, Kaga S, Simsek N, et.al.Antihyperglycemic and antioxidative potential of Matricaria chamomilla L. in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.J Nat med.2008;62(3):284-293.External Link
  21. Ferreira EB, Ciol MA, Vasques CI, et.al.Gel of Chamomile vs. urea cream to prevent acute radiation dermatitis in patients with head and neck cancer: a randomized controlled trial.Journal of advanced nursing.2016;72(8).External Link
  22. Silva Gomes VT, Silva Gomes RN, Gomes MS, et al.Effects of Matricaria Recutita (L.) in the Treatment of Oral Mucositis.The Scientific World Journal.2018.External Link
  23. Watson RR.Foods and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease in Older Adults.ACademic press.2015.External Link
  24. Ravindran PN.The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Spices.CABI.2017.External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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