Arjuna

Arjuna
Arjuna also known as the “Arjun tree” is a widely grown tree in India. Arjun tree has various medicinal properties like antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti hypertensive and antimicrobial. It reduces the risk of various heart diseases, controls high cholesterol level, asthma, cough and diarrhoea. It also helps manage various skin disorders like eczema, psoriasis, itching and rashes[2-5].

What are the synonyms of Arjuna?

Terminalia arjuna, Partha, Svetavaha, Sadad, Sajada, Matti, Bilimatti, Neermatti, Mathichakke, Kudare Kivimase, Nirmasuthu, Vellamaruthi, Kellemasuthu, Mattimora, Torematti, Arjon, Marudam, Maddi

What is the source of Arjuna?

Plant Based

Benefits of Arjuna

What are the benefits of Arjuna for Chest pain (Angina)?

scientific
Scientific View
Arjuna is beneficial in the management of chest pain (angina). Studies suggest that Arjuna shows a significant reduction in the episodes of chest pain by reducing the level of cortisol (stress hormone). Arjuna therapy is well tolerated. Arjuna also increases exercise tolerance, improves HDL levels and reduces blood pressure in people with stable angina[3][6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Arjuna is useful to reduce the risk of heart problems like angina. Angina is due to an aggravated Kapha but the pain associated with it is a symptom of aggravated Vata. An aggravated Kapha leads to the production of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) in the body. This Ama accumulates in the heart channels and causes blockage leading to an aggravated Vata. This causes pain in the chest area. Arjuna has Kapha balancing property. It helps to reduce Ama, removes the blockage of heart channels and calm the aggravated Vata. This helps reduce chest pain.
Tips:
1. Take 4-8 teaspoons of Arjuna kwath.
2. Add same quantity of milk or water to it.
3. Drink once or twice a day after food to reduce the risk of chest pain.

What are the benefits of Arjuna for Heart disease?

scientific
Scientific View
Arjuna might be beneficial in managing heart disease. Arjuna acts as a cardiotonic and strengthens the heart muscles. Arjuna is effective in managing cardiac problems like high blood pressure, palpitations and rapid heart beat. Tannins and glycosides in Arjuna have antioxidant property that protect the heart muscles and blood vessels. Arjuna also helps in dilation of the blood vessels and dissolves the plaque to improve the blood flow[6][7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Arjuna helps to control heart disease and improve heart function properly. It also helps maintain normal blood pressure and heart rate. This is due to its Hrdya (cardiac tonic) property.
Tips:
1. Take 4-8 teaspoons of Arjuna kwath.
2. Add same quantity of milk or water to it.
3. Drink once or twice a day after food to reduce the risk of heart disease.

What are the benefits of Arjuna for Diarrhoea?

scientific
Scientific View
Arjuna might be beneficial in managing diarrhea. Arjuna has antimicrobial and astringent property. It controls the intestinal infection caused by micro-organisms. Arjuna regulates the gut motility and prevents excessive loss of water and electrolytes from the body[6][9].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Diarrhea is known as Atisar in Ayurveda. It is due to improper food, impure water, toxins, mental stress and Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). All these factors are responsible for aggravating Vata. This aggravated Vata brings fluid in the intestine from various tissues from the body and mixes with the stool. This leads to loose, watery motions or diarrhea. Taking Arjuna helps to control the frequency of motion and helps to retain fluid in the body. This is because of its Kashaya (astringent) and Sita (cold) property.
Tips:
1. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of Arjuna powder.
2. Add honey or water and take after taking light food to control diarrhea.

How effective is Arjuna?

Likely effective
Chest pain (Angina)
Insufficient evidence
Diarrhoea, Heart disease

Precautions when using Arjuna

Advice from Experts
scientific
Scientific View
Arjuna may interact with blood thinners. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Arjuna with anticoagulant drugs[6].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Scientific View
Avoid taking Arjuna during Breastfeeding[6].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Scientific View
Arjuna may decrease the blood sugar level. So it is generally advised to monitor your blood sugar level while taking Arjuna with anti-diabetic drugs[6].
Pregnancy
scientific
Scientific View
Avoid taking Arjuna during Pregnancy[6].

Recommended Dosage of Arjuna

  • Arjuna Powder - ¼ - ½ teaspoon twice a day.
  • Arjuna Capsule - 1-2 capsules twice a day.
  • Arjuna Tablet - 1-2 tablets twice a day.

How to use Arjuna

1. Arjuna Churna
a. Take ¼- ½ teaspoon of Arjuna churna.
b. Add honey or water and take after taking lunch and dinner.

2. Arjuna Capsule
a. Take 1-2 capsules of Arjuna.
b. Swallow it with water or milk after taking lunch and dinner.

3. Arjuna Tablet
a. Take 1-2 tablets of Arjuna.
b. Swallow it with water or milk after taking lunch and dinner.

4. Arjuna Kwath
a. Take 4-8 teaspoons of Arjuna kwath (decoction).
b. Add same quantity of milk or water to it.
c. Drink once or twice a day after taking food.

Benefits of Arjuna

What are the benefits of Arjuna for Ear pain?

scientific
Scientific View
Arjuna might be beneficial in the management of earache. Earache generally occurs due to ear infection. Arjuna has antimicrobial and inflammatory activity. Arjuna inhibits the growth of micro-organisms that causes ear infection and reduces pain associated with it[6][7].

How effective is Arjuna?

Insufficient evidence
Ear pain

Precautions when using Arjuna

Allergy
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Use Arjuna leaves or the paste/powder of its bark with honey or milk if your skin is hypersensitive.

Recommended Dosage of Arjuna

  • Arjuna Powder - ½- 1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.

How to use Arjuna

1. Arjuna Leaves or Bark Fresh Paste
a. Take ½ - 1 teaspoon of Arjuna leaves or fresh paste of bark.
b. Add honey to it and mix well.
c. Apply evenly on the face and neck.
d. Let it sit for 4-5 minutes.
e. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
f. Use this remedy 1-3 times a week to get rid of acne and pimples.

2. Arjuna Bark or Leaves Powder
a. Take ½ - 1 teaspoon of Arjuna leaves or fresh powder of its bark.
b. Add milk to it and mix well.
c. Apply evenly on the face and neck.
d. Let it sit for 4-5 minutes.
e. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
f. Use this remedy 1-3 times a week to get rid of hyperpigmentation.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Does Arjuna decreases heart rate?

scientific
Scientific View
Studies suggest that Arjuna bark extract causes significant bradycardia (decreased heart rate). Thus it is advised to consult your doctor before taking Arjuna if you have low blood pressure or heart rate[2].

Q. Does Arjuna improve fertility?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Arjuna helps to improve fertility. Arjuna bark extract is a rich source of antioxidants and metals like zinc. Arjuna promotes the formation of new sperm cells and increases the sperm count. Arjuna also helps to increase the overall stamina of the body[9][10].

Q. Is Arjuna good for metrorrhagia?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Arjuna helps to reduce the risk of bleeding disorders like menorrhagia or metrorrhagia. According to Ayurveda heavy menstrual bleeding is known as Raktapradar (excessive secretion of menstrual blood). This is due to an aggravated Pitta dosha in the body. Arjuna helps control heavy menstrual bleeding by balancing Pitta dosha. This is due to its Sita (cold) and Kashaya (astringent) properties.

Q. Is Arjuna good for indigestion?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Arjuna helps to correct indigestion. According to Ayurveda indigestion means the state of incomplete process of digestion. The main reason for indigestion is aggravated Kapha that causes Agnimandya (weak digestive fire) and leads to indigestion. Taking Arjuna helps to improve Agni (digestive) because of its Kapha balancing property.

Q. Is Arjuna good for dry skin?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Arjuna bark extract is good for dry skin. Dry skin lacks moisture content and loses elasticity. The skin might become scaly. Arjuna prevents the loss of water from the skin and improves the moisture content. This helps to restore the skin elasticity. Arjuna also improves the blood supply and sebum content in the skin[8].

Q. Does Arjuna prevent skin aging?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Arjuna bark extract prevents skin aging. Aging is associated with increase in the number of free radicals. Arjuna has good antioxidant property that prevents skin damage caused by these free radicals. It helps in the formation of new skin cells, hydrates the skin and improves skin elasticity. It also prevents thinning and sagging of the skin[8].

Q. Is Arjuna good for mouth Ulcers?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Arjuna is good to heal mouth ulcers. This is because applying a paste of Arjuna bark gives a cooling effect due to its Sita (cold) property. It also helps in quick healing due to its Ropan (healing) nature.

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Rajni HS, Manish RA.Review on pharmacological ayurvedic compound of Terminalia Arjuna.International Journal Of Phytotherapy Research.2014;4(4):31-38.
  3. Dwivedi S, Chopra D.Revisiting Terminalia arjuna – An ancient cardiovascular drug.J Tradit Complement Med.2014;4(4):224–231.
  4. Augustine A, Sreeraj G.Medicinal properties of Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.: A review.J Tradit Complement Med. 2017;7(1):65–78.
  5. Choudhari AB, Nazim S, Gomase P, et al. Phytopharmacological review of Arjuna bark.Journal of Pharmacy Research.2011;4(3):580-581.
  6. WebMD.Terminalia: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.