Test Detail
Tests Included

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Written by
Dr. Shreya Gupta
BDS, MDS - Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
Reviewed by
Dr. Ashish Ranjan
MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)
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Urine Routine & Microscopy

(Urine R/E)
Urine R/E Test Includes 12 testsView All
You need to provide
This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. Urine sample must preferably be the midstream urine (part of urine that comes after first and before the last stream). Collect the urine sample in a sealed and sterile container provided by our sample collection professional. Make sure that the container doesn't come in contact with your skin. Women are advised not to give the sample during the menstrual period unless prescribed.


What is Urine R/E?

Urine routine microscopy is a microscopic examination of urine sample to check for the presence of blood cells, crystals, bacteria, parasites, and cells from tumors in it. This test is mostly advised in case of symptoms suggestive of urinary tract infection (UTI) such as abdominal pain, back pain, painful or frequent urination & blood in the urine. Urinary tract is a combination of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. UTI is not fatal in general, however if left untreated it may cause damage to multiple organs.

This test is used as a part of routine investigation, work up for planned surgery and confirm the finding of other diagnosis such as kidney disorders, liver diseases, diabetes etc. 

Pregnant women should get this test done regularly to avoid infection and related diseases.

What does Urine R/E Measure?

Urine Routine and Microscopy test involve the three-part evaluation of the urine sample.

1. Gross Examination - It involves the visual examination of the urine sample for color and appearance.

2. Chemical Examination - It is done by urine dip-stick method which involves the use of reagent test strips. These test strips are dipped into the urine sample and the colors that develop are matched with the control for analysis. It is done to examine the urine sample for glucose, protein, pH, specific gravity, blood, nitrites, ketones, leukocyte esterase, bilirubin, and urobilinogen.

3. Microscopic Examination - It involves the examination of the urine sample under the microscope for casts, crystals, cells, bacteria, and yeast. 

Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Urine R/E

Frequently Asked Questions about Urine Routine & Microscopy

Q. Why is this test done?
A urinalysis is a common test done for several reasons, like checking your overall health. As a part of a routine medical exam, pregnancy checkup, or pre-surgery preparation. Or it might be used to screen for a variety of disorders, such as diabetes, kidney disease, or liver disease, when you're admitted to a hospital.
Q. What does it diagnose?
A urinalysis might be requested if you have abdominal pain, back pain, frequent or painful urination, blood in your urine, or other urinary problems. A urinalysis can help diagnose the cause of these signs and symptoms. It may also be used to monitor your condition and treatment if you have kidney disorder.
Q. What are the risks involved?
No risks are associated with collecting a midstream urine specimen for microscopic urinalysis. If a catheter is used to obtain the urine, it may cause temporary discomfort.
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Tests Included (12 tests)

  • Colour
  • Epithelial Cell
  • Nitrite
  • Casts
  • Appearance
  • Crystals
  • Glucose - Fasting Urine
  • Protein Urine
  • Urobilinogen
  • Specific Gravity
  • Ph for Urine
  • Ketone

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