Q. Are levels of CA125 seen high in all ovarian cancer?
No, in a few cases high levels of CA125 are not seen in ovarian cancer, CA125 is not present on all the ovarian cancer cells.
Q. Is Ca 125 a screening test for ovarian cancer?
No, CA 125 is not a screening test, as it does not show exact reason or symptoms. CA 125 is produced in small amounts in normal tissues and by other cancers as well.
Q. Are there any other non-cancerous conditions where high levels of CA125 can be seen?
Yes, other non-cancerous conditions such as pregnancy, menstruation, and inflammatory disease of the pelvis can show moderately high levels of CA125.
Q. What is pelvic inflammatory disease?
Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection which includes the reproductive organs such as fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, and uterus. The symptoms include pain in abdomen, fever, pain while having sex, pain while passing urine, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, and irregular bleeding between periods.
Q. How is the blood sample taken?
The healthcare provider takes a blood sample from the arm. The site from where the blood is to be withdrawn is cleaned with a swab of rubbing alcohol. This is then followed by inserting a small needle which has a tube attached to it for collecting blood. Once the sufficient blood for analysis is withdrawn, the needle is removed. The site is then covered with a gauze pad.
Q. Is there any risk associated with the withdrawal of blood sample procedure?
As such there is no risk but in few cases, bruising, bleeding, and infection at the puncture site can be seen. In very few cases, there can be swelling of the vein after the blood is withdrawn.