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Chloride

160
4.2
NABL, ISO
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Overview
Interpretations
FAQ's
Chloride

Overview of Chloride

What is Chloride?

Chloride (Cl-) is both a mineral and an electrolyte which helps to maintain water and pH balance of the body in combination with other electrolytes. The Blood Chloride Test measures the amount of chloride present in the blood.

Sample Type

The sample type collected for Chloride is: Blood

Preparation for Chloride

  • No special preparation required

Why Get Tested for Chloride?

The Chloride Test is performed:

·         As a part of routine health checkup to measure chloride levels in the blood

·         To assess problems in the water and pH balance of the body

         

Understand more about Chloride

Chloride is an essential mineral which acts as an electrolyte along with potassium, sodium, bicarbonate, etc. and helps to maintain the normal fluid and electrolyte balance of the body. It also acts as a buffer to help maintain the pH balance of the body. It also plays essential roles in metabolism. Chloride is used to produce hydrochloric acid (HCl) by the stomach for digestion. Chloride is present in all body fluids and is found in highest concentration in the blood and extracellular fluid ((fluid present outside the cells)).

Most of the chloride is supplied to the body through dietary salt (sodium chloride or NaCl), and a small portion through other food items. The required portion is absorbed by the body and the remaining is excreted by the kidneys through urine. The concentration of chloride in blood is maintained within a very narrow range by the body and usually increases or decreases in direct correlation with sodium levels. Chloride levels are maintained within a very narrow concentration range in blood.


What Results of Chloride mean?

Interpretations

Normal reference range:

  • Adults: 98 to 106 mEq/L (milliequivalents per liter)

  • Children: 90 to 110 mEq/L

  • Newborn: 96 to 106 mEq/L

       

Higher than normal chloride level is called Hyperchloremia.

Lower than normal chloride level is called Hypochloremia.



Patient Concerns about Chloride

Frequently Asked Questions about Chloride

Q. How is this test performed?
This test is performed on a blood sample. A syringe with a fine needle attached is used to withdraw blood sample from a blood vessel in your arm generally from the inner side of the elbow area. The doctor, nurse or the phlebotomist will tie an elastic band around your arm which will help the blood vessels to swell with blood and hence makes it easier to withdraw blood. You may be asked to tightly clench your fist. Once the veins are clearly visible, the area is cleaned with an antiseptic solution and then the needle is inserted into the blood vessel to collect the sample. You may feel a tiny pinprick during the procedure. Blood sample once collected is then sent to the laboratory.
Q. Is there any risk associated with this test?
There is no risk associated with the test. However, as this test involves a needle prick to withdraw the blood sample, rarely, a patient may experience increased bleeding, hematoma (blood collection under the skin) formation, bruising or infection at the site of needle prick.
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Provided By

NABL

ISO

Sahyadri Speciality Labs is committed to provide the highest quality of Medical Laboratory services. There is a continual effort to ensure that the staff of the lab understands the Quality Policy & all the quality documentation, as well as follows the Quality manual and implements the Quality System Procedures all the time. By employing QMS, the lab strives to achieve the highest standard of service to provide the most reliable results, nearest to the true value and at most competitive rates. The lab is committed to good & ethical professional practices giving highest priority to client’s confidentiality and ensuring the reporting of the test values without any bias or influence. The lab implements the QMS so as to conform to ISO 15189:2007 and NABL 112 with the objective of Reducing reporting errors to the minimum, Minimizing customer complaints, Achieving maximum growth of the lab.
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