Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total

750525
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4.2
NABL, ISO
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Overview
Interpretations
FAQ's
Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total

Overview of Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total

What is Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total?

Beta Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (b-hCG) is normally produced by the cells of the developing placenta during pregnancy. However, high levels of b-hCG are also seen in certain tumors (cancers). This test is also known as Pregnancy test or Total hCG test. This test measures the levels of b-hCG in the blood.

Sample Type

The sample type collected for Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total is: Blood

Preparation for Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total

  • No special preparation required

Why Get Tested for Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total?

  • To confirm Pregnancy

  • To diagnose Pregnancy in the location other than the normal (Ectopic pregnancy)   

  • For first trimester screening of genetic diseases like Down’s syndrome and Trisomy 18

  • To diagnose the presence of Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD)

  • To diagnose any suspected tumors like Teratomas, Testicular tumors, Ovarian germ cell tumors


Understand more about Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total

b-hCG is a hormone which is normally produced by the cells in the developing placenta during pregnancy. The levels of b-hCG increases in early pregnancy. The role of b-hCG in early pregnancy is to maintain the corpus luteum (the hormone-secreting structure that develops in an ovary). During the first three weeks production of b-hCG increases reaching to peak levels at 10th week (from the last menstrual cycle). After that, the levels of b-hCG start to fall to negligible levels within a few weeks after delivery.

In men and women, b-hCG is normally found in small amounts. b-hCG is composed of two big molecules known as alpha and beta subunit. The structure of the alpha subunit is similar to the structure of Follicle-stimulating hormone and Luteinizing hormone. The beta subunit is different and is found only in b-hCG. That is why b-hCG is done to decrease the risk of cross-reaction.  


What Results of Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total mean?

Interpretations

Low levels of b-hCG are seen in the following conditions:


  • Error in calculation of Pregnancy date

  • Miscarriage

  • The blighted ovum (Pregnancy without embryo)

  • Ectopic pregnancy (Pregnancy outside of the uterus) other than normal location)


High levels of b-hCG are seen in the following conditions:


  • Error in calculation of Pregnancy date

  • Molar pregnancy (an abnormal pregnancy where the baby does not develop)

  • More than one pregnancy (Twins or Triplets)



Patient Concerns about Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total

Frequently Asked Questions about Beta Human Chorionic Gonodotropin, Total

Q. How is this test performed?
This test is performed on a blood sample. A syringe with a fine needle attached is used to withdraw blood sample from a blood vessel in your arm generally from the inner side of the elbow area. The doctor, nurse or the phlebotomist will tie an elastic band around your arm which will help the blood vessels to swell with blood and hence makes it easier to withdraw blood. You may be asked to tightly clench your fist. Once the veins are clearly visible, the area is cleaned with an antiseptic solution and then the needle is inserted into the blood vessel to collect the sample. You may feel a tiny pinprick during the procedure. Blood sample once collected is then sent to the laboratory.
Q. Is there any risk associated with this test?
There is no risk associated with the test. However, as this test involves a needle prick to withdraw the blood sample, rarely, a patient may experience increased bleeding, hematoma (blood collection under the skin) formation, bruising or infection at the site of needle prick.
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Sahyadri Speciality Labs is committed to provide the highest quality of Medical Laboratory services. There is a continual effort to ensure that the staff of the lab understands the Quality Policy & all the quality documentation, as well as follows the Quality manual and implements the Quality System Procedures all the time. By employing QMS, the lab strives to achieve the highest standard of service to provide the most reliable results, nearest to the true value and at most competitive rates. The lab is committed to good & ethical professional practices giving highest priority to client’s confidentiality and ensuring the reporting of the test values without any bias or influence. The lab implements the QMS so as to conform to ISO 15189:2007 and NABL 112 with the objective of Reducing reporting errors to the minimum, Minimizing customer complaints, Achieving maximum growth of the lab.
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