Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)
What is FNAC?
This is a biopsy procedure where a thin needle is inserted into the skin. Aspiration cytology from a variety of organ sites is useful in the determination of pathologic states particularly neoplasms & inflammatory conditions. Most common sites examined include breast, liver, kidney, lung, prostate, pancreas, retroperitoneum, salivary glands, thyroid & lymph nodes.
Why is FNAC done?
- To diagnose various tumours if lumps are found under the skin. Thyroid glands, breasts and lymph nodes in the neck, groin or armpit are the common areas for fine needle aspiration.
- To assess cysts (fluid filled), lymph nodes, solid lumps that are felt by examination or seen in an X-ray, CT scan or MRI scan
Interpreting FNAC results
The test results are given by observing the collected sample under a microscope.
Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about FNAC
Frequently Asked Questions about Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)