Prolactin

440
4.5
NABL, CAP, ISO
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Overview
Test Results & Interpretations
Patient Concerns

Overview of Prolactin

Test Description

It is a hormone produced by a gland in the brain. In women, this test is ordered to investigate unexplained flow of breast milk, abnormal nipple discharge, menstrual irregularities or infertility while in men it helps in diagnosing cause of decreased libido or infertility. Rarely, a doctor can order this test when you have symptoms of high prolactin like headaches and visual disturbances. High levels may be seen in pregnancy or conditions like hypothyroidism, Polycystic ovarian disease, liver, kidney disease etc.

Why Get Tested

  1. If you have excess breast milk production which is not associated with pregnancy 
  2. To diagnose the cause of infertility in and erectile dysfunction in men 
  3. To diagnose the cause of menstrual irregolarities or infertility in women 
  4. If you have symptoms of a tumor producing excess prolactin like headaches, visual impairement or abnormal nipple discharge

Precautions

  • Do not eat or drink anything other than water for 8-12 hours before the test.
  • Blood sample should be collected 4 hours after waking.

What Results of Prolactin mean?

Interpretations

  • High levels of prolactin may be seen normally during pregnancy or when you are nursing. It may also be seen with tumors that release prolactin like prolactinoma, hypothyroidism, pituitary disorders, hypothalamic diseases, kidney or liver diseases
  • Low levels of prolactin are generally indicative of pituitary disease like hypopituitarism


Patient Concerns about Prolactin

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Are there any other conditions which can lead to variable prolactin levels?
Stress, seizures, lung cancer can cause moderate increase in prolactin levels. Drugs that can cause elevated prolactin levels include estrogen, opiates, methyl dopa

Provided By

NABL

CAP

ISO

Established in 1995, Lifecare is the country's premier full-service diagnostic center with laboratory, providing expertise in imaging and digital pathology services. Our integrated diagnostic services help doctors personalize patient care to optimally treat disease and maintain health and wellness. We are committed to providing only the highest level of testing quality and service and working with you to provide unique solutions to your most challenging needs. A highly skilled team of medical professionals including physicians, scientists, medical technologists, medical technicians, lab assistants, biologists, chemists, microbiologists, geneticists, and other specialists work collaboratively. The department receives specimens for testing from patients and collection centers and is a reference laboratory for other clinics and hospitals both nationally and internationally. Lifecare's mission is to support the local delivery of laboratory services through the provision of exceptional reference laboratory services and by providing support services that facilitate and augment community integration efforts. We ensure Quality control programs that exceed industry guidelines for every patient sample. Proactive internal quality control team consisting of pathologists and laboratory personnel ensuring consistency and accuracy of specimen processing and diagnosis Our staff recognizes that specimens are patients, not just accession numbers in our lab. They are dedicated to combining the newest technologies, expertise, and quality in every sample they process.

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