Overview of Chloride
What is Chloride?
Why is Chloride done?
The Chloride Test is performed:
· As a part of routine health checkup to measure chloride levels in the blood
· To assess problems in the water and pH balance of the body
What does Chloride Measure?
Chloride is an essential mineral which acts as an electrolyte along with potassium, sodium, bicarbonate, etc. and helps to maintain the normal fluid and electrolyte balance of the body. It also acts as a buffer to help maintain the pH balance of the body. It also plays essential roles in metabolism. Chloride is used to produce hydrochloric acid (HCl) by the stomach for digestion. Chloride is present in all body fluids and is found in highest concentration in the blood and extracellular fluid ((fluid present outside the cells)).
Most of the chloride is supplied to the body through dietary salt (sodium chloride or NaCl), and a small portion through other food items. The required portion is absorbed by the body and the remaining is excreted by the kidneys through urine. The concentration of chloride in blood is maintained within a very narrow range by the body and usually increases or decreases in direct correlation with sodium levels. Chloride levels are maintained within a very narrow concentration range in blood.
Preparation for Chloride
- No special preparation required
Sample Type for Chloride
Interpreting Chloride results
Normal reference range:
Adults: 98 to 106 mEq/L (milliequivalents per liter)
Children: 90 to 110 mEq/L
Newborn: 96 to 106 mEq/L
Higher than normal chloride level is called Hyperchloremia.
Lower than normal chloride level is called Hypochloremia.
Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Chloride
Frequently Asked Questions about Chloride