MRI Whole Abdomen
What is MRI Whole Abdomen?
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the whole abdomen is used to visualize the organs of the abdomen which includes the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, base of the lungs, liver, and spleen. It is a noninvasive test that uses magnets and radio waves to create an image of the inside body.
An abdominal MRI scan is usually prescribed if the doctor suspects something is wrong in the abdominal area but cannot determine through physical examination. This test is done to examine the blood flow, examine blood vessels, investigate the cause of pain or swelling, examine lymph nodes, and detect the presence of any suspected tumors.
As MRI is a radiationless test, it is considered to be a safer alternative to a CT scan.
Why is MRI Whole Abdomen done?
- To look for the presence of any suspected mass or enlargement of the stomach, kidney, liver, pancreas or spleen
- To further evaluate any abnormal finding in the liver function tests or kidney function tests
- To diagnose the cause of any abdominal pain or swelling
- To diagnose the presence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (enlargement of the aorta in the abdominal area) or to look for any signs of calcification in the aorta
- To evaluate the diseases of the kidney for eg: any infection or swelling (hydronephrosis), kidney stones or tumors
- To evaluate the diseases of the liver, for eg: infections, fatty liver, cirrhosis
- To look for suspected bile duct obstruction, diseases of the gall stone or presence of gall stones
- To detect the presence of any suspected tumors (abnormal growth) in liver, kidney, spleen or other abdominal organs
- To look for enlarged lymph nodes in the abdomen