Glucose - Fasting Urine
What is Glucose - Fasting Urine?
The glucose - fasting urine test is done to check for abnormally high levels of urine during the fasting period. This test is usually done to check for diabetes and to monitor the degree of sugar control and efficacy of treatment in diabetic patients.
Why is Glucose - Fasting Urine done?
The glucose - fasting urine test is done:
To assess if a person is diabetic
To detect gestational diabetes in pregnant ladies
To monitor glucose levels in diabetic patients
To assess kidney function in diabetic patients
To monitor the efficacy of treatment in diabetic patients
What does Glucose - Fasting Urine Measure?
The Glucose - fasting urine test measures the levels of glucose in urine during the period of fasting. The most common cause of high levels of glucose in the urine is diabetes. In diabetes, the way the body processes the glucose gets affected. The insulin hormone is responsible for controlling the metabolism of glucose in the blood. In diabetic patients, the body is either not able to make enough insulin or the body is not able to utilize the insulin produced. Due to this, the glucose starts to build up in the blood and the kidneys are not able to control it to release it into the urine.
The presence of glucose in the urine is termed as glycosuria or glucosuria. This could be due to side effects caused by certain medicines or problems in the kidney, such as renal glycosuria.
Interpreting Glucose - Fasting Urine results
High levels of glucose in urine indicate diabetes. However, it can also be due to side effects caused by certain medicines or kidney problems such as renal glycosuria.
High levels of glucose in urine in pregnancy indicate gestational diabetes.