Test Detail
Overview
Interpreting Results
FAQ's

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Written by
Dr. Betina Chandolia
BDS, MDS - Oral Pathology and Microbiology
Reviewed by
Dr. Ashish Ranjan
MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)
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Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgG

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Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgG
You need to provide
Blood
This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. No special preparation required

Overview


What is Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgG?

The measles (rubeola) antibody IgG test is advised to diagnose measles or mumps infection. It helps to establish whether a person has immunity to measles or mumps due to a previous infection or vaccination. It also confirms case of measles or mumps.


Why is Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgG done?

The measles (rubeola) antibody IgG test is done:

  • In case of signs or symptoms of measles infection

  • In case of complications due to measles infection

  • To determine measles immunity

  • To track the spread of measles in the community in case of outbreak


What does Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgG Measure?

The measles (rubeola) antibody IgG test measures the levels of measles (rubeola) antibody IgG test in blood. Measles, which is also known as rubeola, is a virus that is a member of the Paramyxoviridae family. The measles infection resolves within several days but at times can cause serious complications. Measles can be prevented through vaccination. 


The measles virus infects the cells present in the lungs and the back of the throat. Measles is a contagious virus infection that can easily spread through coughing and sneezing or touching a surface that is already contaminated with the virus and then using the same touch to mouth, nose, or eyes. The measles virus is said to live for up to two hours in the air after an infected person has coughed or sneezed. The infected individuals remain contagious for a few days before the symptoms start to appear.


After 1 to 2 weeks of infection, the symptoms of measles appear such as high fever, dry cough, red eyes, sensitivity to light, and running nose. One may also experience sore throat, presence of tiny white spots inside the mouth, and appearance of a typical rash that starts on the face and further it spreads down the body to the trunk and legs.


Most people recover within a few weeks but some develop complications which include infection of the ear, inflammation of bronchi, pneumonia, diarrhea, rarely encephalitis, or blindness. In extremely rare cases, a person usually small baby or young children out of every thousand people infected can die from a measles infection. 


Those people who are malnourished tend to have Vitamin A deficiency or weakened immune system which puts them at risk of severe infections. Pregnant ladies if infected with measles fall into a greater risk of miscarriage.


Interpreting Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgG results


Interpretations


Result in U/mL

Remarks

< 8

Negative

8 - 12

Equivocal

> 12

Positive

*Equivocal results should be rested after 2-4 weeks


Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgG


Frequently Asked Questions about Measles (Rubeola) Antibody IgG

Q. What is the best way to prevent measles?
The best way to prevent measles is immunization is by using MMR vaccine. MMR stands for Measles-Mumps-Rubella. This vaccine is said to be 97% effective after two doses. The first dose in children is recommended when they are between 12 and 15 months old and the second dose between the ages of 4 - 6 years. However, this vaccination is not used in pregnant ladies, people with a weakened immune system, or a person having allergies.
Q. What is the treatment of measles?
The best treatment of measles and to speed up its recovery process and preventing complications is to drink a lot of fluids and get plenty of rest. However, if the complications occur then corresponding treatment of the particular complication is required.
Q. How is the blood sample taken?
The healthcare provider takes a blood sample from the arm. The site from where the blood is to be withdrawn is cleaned with a swab of rubbing alcohol. This is then followed by inserting a small needle which has a tube attached to it for collecting blood. Once the sufficient blood for analysis is withdrawn, the needle is removed. The site is then covered with a gauze pad.
Q. Is there any risk associated with the withdrawal of blood sample procedure?
As such there is no risk but in few cases, bruising, bleeding, and infection at the puncture site can be seen. In very few cases, there can be swelling of the vein after the blood is withdrawn.
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