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Serum Electrolyte

480
4.8
NABL, CAP
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Overview
Test Results & Interpretations
Tests Included

Overview of Serum Electrolyte

Test Description

An electrolyte panel includes the evaluation of your blood levels of sodium, potassium and chloride. It may be ordered as part of a routine screening or as a diagnostic aid when you have symptoms, such as edema, nausea, weakness, confusion, or cardiac arrhythmias which might be due to an electrolyte imbalance. It is frequently ordered as part of an evaluation when you have an acute or chronic illness. Electrolyte tests are commonly used to monitor treatment of certain problems, including high blood pressure (hypertension), heart failure, and liver and kidney disease.

Why Get Tested

  1. If you have signs or symptoms suggesting an electrolyte imbalance like edema, nausea, vomiting, confusion, irregolar heart beat 
  2. If you are hospitalized for severe acute or chronic illness
  3. As a part of basic metabolic panel or electrolyte panel 
  4. It is frequently ordered at regolar intervals to monitor treatment of conditions like high blood pressure, heart failure, kidney disease or lung disease

Precautions

  • No special preparation required

What Results of Serum Electrolyte mean?

Interpretations

  • Low levels of sodium (hyponatremia) may be due to loosing too much sodium such as in diarrhea, vomiting, excessive sweating, heart failure or kidney disease while the most common cause of high sodium level (hypernatremia) is dehydration
  • Low levels of potassium (hypokalemia) is usually due to diarrhea and vomiting while high potassium level (hyperkalemia) may be seen in kidney disease, Addison disease, dehydration
  • Low levels of chloride can be seen in Cushing syndrome or congestive heart failure while high levels may be seen dehydration, kidney disease 

Tests Included in Serum Electrolyte(3 tests)

  • Chloride
  • Sodium
  • Potassium

Provided By

NABL

CAP

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