What is Absolute Neutrophil Count?
Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) is a measurement of the number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the blood. WBCs are the backbone of your immune system. Neutrophils are a type of WBCs and help destroy any bacteria and viruses that enter our bodies. It is increased in infections, a variety of inflammatory disorders and some myeloid neoplasms. Neutropenia (Lower neutrophil count) can be seen with various medications, including chemotherapy, toxins, bone marrow replacement (for example, metastatic tumor, granulomas), myelodysplastic syndromes, autoimmune disorders, and congenital disorders. Generally, the degree of neutropenia defines the patient’s risk of infections.
The sample type collected for Absolute Neutrophil Count is: Blood
Preparation for Absolute Neutrophil Count
- No special preparation required
Why Get Tested for Absolute Neutrophil Count?
- If you have symptoms like fever, chills, body aches, infection, headache pointing to an acute infection
- ANC is usually ordered as a part of a complete blood count (CBC), which is a routine test
- If symptoms related to blood disorder, bone marrow disorder or autoimmune disease are present
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