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Progesterone

525315
40% Coupon
4.5
NABL, ISO
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Overview
Interpreting Results
FAQ's
Progesterone

Overview of Progesterone

What is Progesterone?

Progesterone is a steroid hormone which, along with other female hormones, helps to prepare the female body for pregnancy and maintains a proper menstrual cycle. The Progesterone Test is performed to measure the levels of progesterone in blood.

Why is Progesterone done?

The Progesterone Test is performed:

  • To identify the cause of female infertility by helping track ovulation (release of egg from ovary)
  • To help diagnose an ectopic pregnancy (a condition where the fertilized egg is implanted somewhere other than the uterus)
  • To monitor the treatment with progesterone hormone
  • To monitor the health of the fetus and placenta, especially in high risk pregnancy
  • To determine the cause of abnormal bleeding from the uterus

 



What does Progesterone Measure?

Progesterone is a steroid hormone which helps to prepare the female body for pregnancy and maintain normal menstrual cycle and coordinate  with other female hormones. Every month, the menstrual cycle begins with an increase in the level of estrogen hormone. This causes thickening of the inner lining of the uterus called endometrium. This coincides with an increase in levels of luteinizing hormone which induces the release of an egg from the ovary. Subsequently, a structure called corpus luteum forms on the ovary at the site where the egg was released. The corpus luteum produces progesterone hormone which arrests the endometrial growth and prepares the uterus for implantation of the fertilized egg.

At this juncture one of two things may happen. If the egg remains unfertilized, the corpus luteum slowly breaks down and progesterone levels fall. This induces breakdown of the endometrial lining and menstrual bleeding starts. However, if the egg is fertilized and attaches to the endometrium, the corpus luteum does not degenerate and continues progesterone secretion, thereby maintaining the thickened endometrial lining. After a few weeks of pregnancy, the placenta becomes fully formed and takes over the function of progesterone secretion and till the completion of pregnancy. Therefore, increased progesterone levels are seen in pregnancy.

Level of progesterone also fluctuates during normal menstrual cycle. Progesterone is secreted in much lower amounts in males, and is considered to play a small role in sperm development.

Few cancers can also result in abnormal progesterone levels in men and women.


Preparation for Progesterone

  • No special preparation required

Sample Type for Progesterone

The sample type collected for Progesterone is: Blood

Interpreting Progesterone results

Interpretations

If the result of a single progesterone test falls outside the normal range, it cannot be considered an abnormal result since progesterone levels change continuously. Abnormal results appear if the patient’s blood progesterone levels fall outside the normal range in multiple subsequent tests.

Apart from pregnancy, higher than normal progesterone levels can appear in case of:

·         Ovarian cysts

·         Ovarian cancer

·         Molar pregnancy or non-viable pregnancy

·         Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)

·         Adrenal cancer

Lower than normal progesterone levels can appear in case of:

·         Amenorrhea or no menstruation

·         Anovulation

·         Ectopic pregnancy

·         Miscarriage or death of fetus


Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Progesterone

Frequently Asked Questions about Progesterone

Q. How is this test performed?
This test is performed on a blood sample. A syringe with a fine needle is used to withdraw blood sample from a blood vessel in your arm generally from the inner side of the elbow area. The doctor, nurse or the phlebotomist will tie an elastic band around your arm which will help the blood vessels to swell with blood. This makes it easier to withdraw blood. You may be asked to tightly clench your fist. Once the veins are clearly visible, the area is cleaned with an antiseptic solution and then the needle is inserted into the blood vessel to collect the sample. You may feel a tiny pinprick during the procedure. Blood sample once collected is then sent to the laboratory.
Q. Is there any risk associated with this test?
There is no risk associated with the test. However, since this test involves a needle prick to withdraw the blood sample, in very rare cases, a patient may experience increased bleeding, hematoma formation (blood collection under the skin), bruising or infection at the site of needle prick.
Q. Is there any preparation required before the test?
Inform the doctor about the medications you may be taking. No other specific preparations are usually required before this test.
Q. What factors can affect the progesterone test results?
The factors which can affect the progesterone test results are: · Certain medications like steroids, birth control pills, ampicillin, clomiphene etc. · Recent exposure to radioactive substances, as in the case of undergoing imaging scans like Thyroid Scan or Bone scan · Time of day as progesterone levels fluctuate during day · Phase of menstrual cycle
Q. What other tests can be prescribed by your doctor in case of abnormal progesterone result?
Additional tests that may be prescribed in case of abnormal progesterone test result are: · Estrogen Test · hCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) Test · Luteinising Hormone (LH) Test · Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Test · Uterine Ultrasound
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Provided By

NABL

ISO

Primex Healthcare and Research Private Limited is a company incorporated in Chennai, India that aims to deliver premium quality healthcare services at affordable prices across India.\r\nIndia has a highly fragmented diagnostics services industry that has many local players and a few regional/national players. The services are costly and not within the reach of most of India. To take advantage of the typical volume spike that the right price can deliver, Primex has introduced the low cost “Jet Konnect” model with a graded pan India rollout strategy. Primex Scans & Labs, a division of Primex Healthcare, is the diagnostic arm that delivers high-end scan and laboratory services at affordable prices by providing a professional, dependable, accessible and affordable service. Driven by volumes, Primex passes on the economies of scale as a direct benefit to the customer. Primex brings the best of medical equipment from pioneers like Philips and Toshiba and technology developed in-house to guarantee precise and timely results. Primex takes customer service to the next level by enabling unique services like home collection, 24x7 centers, online & SMS-based report tracking and delivery, 24x7 appointments through a dedicated call center and much more. Primex now has 6 primary locations spread across Chennai providing 2000+types of investigations including MRI scan, CT scan, digital X-Ray, Ultrasound, computerized ECG, TMT and lab tests. Primex is backed by Kalpathi Investments as a strategic and significant shareholder in the company.

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