Test Detail
Overview
Interpreting Results
FAQ's

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Written by
Dr. Betina Chandolia
BDS, MDS - Oral Pathology and Microbiology
Reviewed by
Dr. Ashish Ranjan
MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)
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Cholesterol - LDL

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Blood
This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. No special preparation required

Overview


What is Cholesterol - LDL?

You should get a LDL cholesterol done as a part of regular examination with cholesterol test or lipid profile at least once every five years if you are above 40 years of age; or at regular intervals when you have risk factors for heart disease like smoking, high blood pressure, family history, diabetes mellitus are present, and/or to monitor effectiveness of treatment with drugs like statins.

Why is Cholesterol - LDL done?

  1. As a part of lipid profile along with cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL
  2. As a part of routine health check up
  3. If you are already a diagnosed case of heart disease 
  4. If you have risk factors for heart disease like cigarette smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus or a family history of heart disease
  5. Ideally, adolts shoold get this test done for screening purposes once every five years even if they don't have any risk factors  
  6. If you are taking lipid lowering medicines

Interpreting Cholesterol - LDL results


Interpretations

  • If the LDL cholesterol level is less than 100 mg/dL - Optimal 
  • If it is between 100-129 mg/dL — Near optimal, above optimal 
  • Levels between 130-159 mg/dL — Borderline high 
  • Level between 160-189 mg/dL — High 
  • Greater than 189 mg/dL— Very high

Low levels of LDL cholesterol are not generally a concern and not monitored

Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Cholesterol - LDL


Frequently Asked Questions about Cholesterol - LDL

Q. What treatments are recommended for high LDL cholesterol levels?
Initially, lifestyle changes like low fat diet, exercise, cessation of smoking are recommended. Later on, if required lipid lowering drugs are advised.

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