Chloride

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NABL, CAP, ISO
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Overview
Interpretations
FAQ's

Overview of Chloride

What is Chloride?

Chloride (Cl-) is both a mineral and an electrolyte which helps to maintain water and pH balance of the body in combination with other electrolytes. The Blood Chloride Test measures the amount of chloride present in the blood.

Sample Type

The sample type collected for Chloride is: Blood

Preparation for Chloride

  • No special preparation required

Why Get Tested for Chloride?

The Chloride Test is performed:

·         As a part of routine health checkup to measure chloride levels in the blood

·         To assess problems in the water and pH balance of the body

         

Understand more about Chloride

Chloride is an essential mineral which acts as an electrolyte along with potassium, sodium, bicarbonate, etc. and helps to maintain the normal fluid and electrolyte balance of the body. It also acts as a buffer to help maintain the pH balance of the body. It also plays essential roles in metabolism. Chloride is used to produce hydrochloric acid (HCl) by the stomach for digestion. Chloride is present in all body fluids and is found in highest concentration in the blood and extracellular fluid ((fluid present outside the cells)).

Most of the chloride is supplied to the body through dietary salt (sodium chloride or NaCl), and a small portion through other food items. The required portion is absorbed by the body and the remaining is excreted by the kidneys through urine. The concentration of chloride in blood is maintained within a very narrow range by the body and usually increases or decreases in direct correlation with sodium levels. Chloride levels are maintained within a very narrow concentration range in blood.


What Results of Chloride mean?

Interpretations

Normal reference range:

  • Adults: 98 to 106 mEq/L (milliequivalents per liter)

  • Children: 90 to 110 mEq/L

  • Newborn: 96 to 106 mEq/L

       

Higher than normal chloride level is called Hyperchloremia.

Lower than normal chloride level is called Hypochloremia.



Patient Concerns about Chloride

Frequently Asked Questions about Chloride

Q. How is this test performed?
This test is performed on a blood sample. A syringe with a fine needle attached is used to withdraw blood sample from a blood vessel in your arm generally from the inner side of the elbow area. The doctor, nurse or the phlebotomist will tie an elastic band around your arm which will help the blood vessels to swell with blood and hence makes it easier to withdraw blood. You may be asked to tightly clench your fist. Once the veins are clearly visible, the area is cleaned with an antiseptic solution and then the needle is inserted into the blood vessel to collect the sample. You may feel a tiny pinprick during the procedure. Blood sample once collected is then sent to the laboratory.
Q. Is there any risk associated with this test?
There is no risk associated with the test. However, as this test involves a needle prick to withdraw the blood sample, rarely, a patient may experience increased bleeding, hematoma (blood collection under the skin) formation, bruising or infection at the site of needle prick.
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Provided By

NABL

CAP

ISO

We focus on providing patients quality diagnostic healthcare services in India. Through our network, we offer patients convenient locations for their diagnostic healthcare services and efficient service. With over 3368 diagnostic and related healthcare tests and services offered, we believe we are capable of performing substantially all of the diagnostic healthcare tests and services currently prescribed by physicians in India. Our key competitive strengths are: Business model focused on the patient as a customer and an established consumer healthcare brand associated with quality services, in a market where patients generally choose their diagnostic healthcare service provider. Well-positioned to leverage upon one of the fastest-growing segments of the Indian healthcare industry. A network whose growth yields greater economies of scale, combined with a hub and spoke model that is scalable for further growth. Centralized information technology platform that fully integrates our network and is scalable. Attractive financial performance, financial profile and return on invested capital. Experienced leadership team with strong industry expertise and successful track record. Some of our laboratories have achieved International Organization for Standardization, or ISO, certification for their quality systems. Our National Reference Laboratory has obtained ISO 9001:2008 certification (for the performance of routine and advanced diagnostic pathology testing services, including clinical trials), ISO 15189:2007 (for quality management in medical laboratories), ISO 15189:2012 certification (in the field of medical testing) and ISO 27001:2013 certification (for establishing an effective information management system that maintains and processes information security at our data center).