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Ganciclovir Topical



Ganciclovir topical is used for the treatment of acute herpetic keratitis (inflammation of the cornea of the eye) caused by herpes simplex virus. 

How it works

Ganciclovir belongs to a class of medications called as synthetic nucleoside analogues. It is an antiviral drug that works by blocking the viral DNA replication, a process essential for the virus to grow and multiply. 

Common side effects

Blurred vision, Eye pain, Stinging sensation, Burning sensation


Expert advice

  • Do not use ganciclovir topical in children <18 years of age unless prescribed by the doctor. 
  • Avoid use of contact lenses in eyes before and after instillation for 15 minutes.
  • Inform your doctor if you are using any other eye drops or ointment.
  • Do not drive or operate machinery if you experience visual disturbances due to instillation in eyes. 
  • Discontinue use and consult your doctor if irritation in eyes persists.
  • Ganciclovir topical is known to have an effect on fertility and hence contraception is advised in men and women of child-bearing age while on this therapy.
  • Ensure that the ganciclovir treatment does not exceed 21 days.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
  • Do not use if you are allergic to ganciclovir, acyclovir or valganciclovir or any of its ingredients.

Frequently asked questions

Ganciclovir Topical

 Q. Is ganciclovir a protease inhibitor?
No, ganciclovir is not a protease inhibitor; it belongs to synthetic nucleoside analogues class of antivirals.

Content on this page was last updated on 30 September, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)