Information about Exenatide

Exenatide Uses

Exenatide is used along with diet, exercise and other medicines to improve blood sugar control in adults with type-2 diabetes mellitus.

How Exenatide works

Exenatide is an anti-diabetic medication. It works by increasing the release of insulin from pancreas, decreases hormones that raise blood sugar levels, slows down digestion, and reduces appetite.

Common side effects of Exenatide

Diarrhea, Nausea, Vomiting, Constipation, Dizziness, Headache, Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose level), Weakness, Gallbladder disease, Jittery feeling, Dyspepsia

Severe side effects of Exenatide

Pancreatic inflammation, Acute kidney injury, Immunogenicity, Hypersensitivity, Low blood platelets
Written By
Reviewed By
MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated
07 Sep 2022 | 07:30 PM (UTC)

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Available Medicine for Exenatide

ExaprideSun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
493 to ₹15362 variant(s)
ByettaEli Lilly and Company India Pvt Ltd
69571 variant(s)
ExanpleKoye Pharmaceuticals Pvt ltd
5001 variant(s)

Expert advice for Exenatide

  • If you have been prescribed insulin too, don't inject insulin and Exenatide at the same site.
  • Store unused pens in the refrigerator. However, after the first use, you can store it at room temperature for 30 days.
  • Exenatide may cause nausea. To avoid it, eat smaller meals, limit fatty food intake and stop eating when you feel full.
  • Notify your doctor immediately if you have severe and/or persistent upper abdominal pain.

Frequently asked questions for Exenatide


Q. Is Exenatide is the same as insulin?

No, Exenatide is not the same as insulin. Exenatide is a synthetic version of exendin-4 (a hormone). It attaches itself to beta-cells in the pancreas and releases insulin. This increased insulin helps to control blood sugar levels in patients with type II diabetes.

Q. Is Exenatide safe?

Exenatide is safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.

Q. Does Exenatide cause hypoglycemia?

Exenatide itself does not cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). However, it may cause low blood sugar when taken with other anti diabetic medicines or insulin.

Q. Does Exenatide cause pancreatitis?

Yes, Exenatide may cause pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) in a few people. However, this is very rare and is one of the most serious side effects of Exenatide. This can happen any time during the course of treatment and can lead to hospitalization or even death. Consult your doctor immediately if you notice severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting or inability to eat as these side effects may be signs and symptoms of pancreatitis.

Q. How is Exenatide administered?

Exenatide is injected just under the skin (subcutaneously) twice daily, usually in the thigh, abdomen (stomach) or upper arm. The dose will depend on your condition and what other diabetes medicines you are taking. The injection should be administered within an hour prior to any meal of the day, once daily. Exenatide is preferably given before the same meal every day to maintain a constant level of medicine in the body. If a dose is missed, it should be injected one hour before the next scheduled meal. Your doctor or nurse will show you how and where to inject the medicine. Follow the instructions carefully.


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