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Antidote for methanol or ethylene glycol ingestion.

How it works

Ethanol affects the brain?s neurons in several ways. It alters their membranes as well as their ion channels, enzymes, and receptors. Alcohol also binds directly to the receptors for acetylcholine, serotonin, GABA, and the NMDA receptors for glutamate. The sedative effects of ethanol are mediated through binding to GABA receptors and glycine receptors (alpha 1 and alpha 2 subunits). It also inhibits NMDA receptor functioning. In its role as an anti-infective, ethanol acts as an osmolyte or dehydrating agent that disrupts the osmotic balance across cell membranes.

Common side effects

Nausea, Memory loss, Balance disorder (loss of balance), Cardiomyopathy, Cns toxicity, Cardiovascular collapse, Wernike-korsakoff syndrome, Liver toxicity, Coma, Dizziness, Constantly changing emotions, Fall in blood sugar level, Hangover, Headache, Increased blood pressure, Decreased body temperature, Lethargy, Respiratory depression, Slurred speech, Loss of consciousness, Tremor, Visual impairment


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Content on this page was last updated on 17 May, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)