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Chloramphenicol Topical



Chloramphenicol topical is used for the treatment of bacterial infections of the eye surface (conjunctivitis) and eyelids.

How it works

Chloramphenicol belongs to the class of medications called as antibiotics. It works by inhibiting the protein synthesis and subsequently the growth of bacteria that are sensitive to it, thereby removing the infection of the eye surface and eyelids.

Common side effects

Acne-like rash, Allergic reaction, Itching, Hives, Application site redness of skin, Application site irritation


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Expert advice

Do not apply on affected eye for more than 5 days without consulting a doctor.
Seek advice from your doctor before using chloramphenicol ointment, if you wear contact lenses. 
Treatment should be continued for at least 48 hours after the eye appears normal. Inform your doctor if symptoms do not disappear after 48 hours of use.
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
Do not take this medicine if you are allergic to chloramphenicol or any of its ingredients.
Do not take this medicine if you have a personal or family history of blood dyscrasias (disease of the blood characterized by abnormal blood cells).

Frequently asked questions

Chloramphenicol Topical

 Q.Is chloramphenicol bacteriostatic or bactericidal/ an antibiotic/does it contains penicillin/ does it contain steroids/ treat styes?
Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic and is both bactericidal (kills the bacteria) and bacteriostatic (inhibits the growth of bacteria without killing them) against numerous bacteria. No, it does not contain penicillin or steroids. It is used in the treatment of styes.
Q.Does chloramphenicol sting/ does chloramphenicol cause dry eyes?
Chloramphenicol eye drops/ ointment may cause transient burning or stinging sensation. It does not cause but should be used with extreme precaution in patients with dry eye syndrome. 
Q.Is chloromycetin a penicillin/ an antibiotic/ with the formula/ chloromycetin is a drug for which disease?
Chloromycetin is a brand name for chloramphenicol. It is not penicillin. Chloromycetin cream is used in the treatment of infections of the eye surface and eyelids. 
Q.Is chloromycetin over the counter/ is obtained from?
No, it is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Q.Is chloramphenicol and tetracycline similar?
Chloramphenicol and tetracycline are separate drugs with similar action. However, they are used to treat different types of infections.
Q.Is Chloromycetin the same as chlorsig?
Both Chloromycetin and chlorsig contains chloramphenicol and are available in the form of ointment and eye drops. 

Content on this page was last updated on 30 September, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)