Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet

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Abbott

Composition for Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet

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Primarily used for

Epilepsy, Seizures
Potentiallyunsafewith
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Alcohol
NOT FOR SALE
We do not sell this product at present

Medicine Overview of Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet

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Uses of Phenobarbitone

Phenobarbitone is used in epilepsy.
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Side effects of Phenobarbitone

Common

Drowsiness, Skin rash, Nausea, Vomiting, Vertigo, Diarrhoea.

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How to use Phenobarbitone

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. It can be taken with or without food, but it is better to take Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet at a fixed time.

How Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet works

Phenobarbitone controls seizures or fits by increasing the action of GABA, a chemical messenger which suppresses the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.
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Uses of Phenytoin

Phenytoin is used in the treatment of seizures and trigeminal neuralgia.
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Side effects of Phenytoin

Common

Nystagmus (involuntary eye movement), Double vision, Sleepiness, Anemia, Peripheral neuropathy (tingling and numbness of feet and hand), Gingival hyperplasia, Increased hair growth, Osteoporosis.

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How to use Phenytoin

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. It can be taken with or without food, but it is better to take Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet at a fixed time.

How Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet works

Phenytoin is an antiepileptic medication. It controls seizures or fits by decreasing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

In Depth Information on Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet

Expert advice for Phenobarbitone

  • Do not take phenobarbitone if you are allergic to phenobarbitone or any of the other ingredient of the tablet.
  • Doctor’s advice should be considered in case of patients with following history of disease conditions: liver or kidney disease; temporary or chronic pain; mental depression or illness; disorders of pituitary gland or adrenal gland (e.g. pheochromocytoma); breathing problems; or porphyria (disturbance of metabolism that can be seen as disorders of the skin or other organs).
  • Do not take phenobarbitone if you have an addiction to alcohol or drug abuse.
  • Avoid taking phenobarbitone if you are pregnant or breast-feeding or planning to become pregnant.
  • Do not drive or operate machinery immediately after taking phenobarbitone as it may cause drowsiness.

Expert advice for Phenytoin

  • Phenytoin should be taken at the same time every day to maintain consistent levels in your body.
  • Do not stop using Phenytoin without talking to your doctor, even if you feel better.
  • It causes sleepiness or drowsiness. If this happens to you, do not drive or use machinery.
  • Avoid consuming alcohol when taking the Phenytoin, as it may cause excessive sleepiness or drowsiness.
  • It may increase blood sugar levels.Inform your doctor if you are taking any medicines to treat diabetes.
  • Do not start any medicine including herbal or ayurvedic without telling your doctor. As it may significantly change the Phenytoin levels.
  • Inform your doctor if you have ever been diagnosed with kidney or liver problems.
  • Inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to conceive or breastfeeding.
Warnings
Special precautions for Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet
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Alcohol
CAUTION
Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet may cause excessive drowsiness and calmness with alcohol.
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Pregnancy
WEIGH RISKS VS BENEFITS
Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet is unsafe to use during pregnancy.

There is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk, for example in life-threatening situations. Please consult your doctor.
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Lactation
CAUTION
Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet is probably usafe to use during lactation. Limited human data suggests that the drug could represent a significant risk to the baby.

Baby should be monitored for excessive sleepiness and weight gain.
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Driving
Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet may cause side effects which could affect your ability to drive.
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Kidney
Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet is probably safe to use in patien
ts with kidney disease. Limited data available suggests that dose adjustment of Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet may not be needed in these patients. Please consult your doctor.
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Liver
CAUTION
Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.

Use of Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet is not recommended in patients with severe liver disease.
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Patient Concerns

Frequently asked questions for Garoin 50 mg/100 mg Tablet

Frequently asked questions for Phenobarbitone

Q. What is Phenobarbitone used for?
Phenobarbitone is used to control seizures in epilepsy patients and is also used to relieve anxiety. It may also be used as a sedative for patients about to undergo surgery; to treat people who are suffering from withdrawal symptoms from addiction to other seizure medication or who are going to stop medication
Q. What is Phenobarbitone sodium?
Phenobarbitone sodium is one of the salt forms of Phenobarbitone and is used for the same indications
Q. How does Phenobarbitone work?
Phenobarbitone belongs to barbiturates. It acts by slowing down the activity of the brai
Q. Is it an enzyme inducer?
It is an enzyme inducer
Q. Is Phenobarbitone a controlled drug?
Phenobarbitone is a controlled drug
Q. What is Phenobarbitone syrup?
Phenobarbitone is available as tablet and syrup form for use.
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Frequently asked questions for Phenytoin

Q. How does Phenytoin work?
Phenytoin is used to control seizures (fits) in epilepsy patients and it works by suppressing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.
Q. Does Phenytoin cause gingival hyperplasia?
Phenytoin is known to cause gingival hyperplasia (enlarged gums). To avoid this, you must maintain a good dental hygiene (taking proper care of your teeth and gums). Please consult your doctor if you have enlarged gums after taking Phenytoin.
Q. Does Phenytoin cause osteomalacia?
Osteomalacia (softening of the bones) has been associated with long-term (>10 years) use of Phenytoin by patients with chronic epilepsy. There have been reports of bone disorders including osteopenia (reduced protein and mineral content of bone tissue) and osteoporosis (thinning of the bone) and fractures with Phenytoin. Please consult your doctor for further information.
Q. Can I take Phenytoin with aspirin?
Phenytoin can decrease the levels of aspirin by increasing its metabolism (breakdown) and hence decrease its effect. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.
Q. Can I take Phenytoin with ibuprofen?
Phenytoin can be taken with ibuprofen. No drug-drug interactions have been reported between the two. However, interactions can occur. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.
Q. Can I take Phenytoin with paracetamol?
Phenytoin decreases the level of paracetamol by increasing its metabolism (breakdown). Increased metabolism of paracetamol can increase the levels of substances that can cause liver damage. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.
Q. Is Phenytoin a narcotic?
Phenytoin is not a narcotic substance. Phenytoin belongs to a group of medicines known as anti-epileptic medicines, these medicines are used to treat epilepsy.
Q. Is Phenytoin a controlled substance?
Phenytoin is not a controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA). A controlled substance is generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession or use is regulated by a government.
Q. Is Phenytoin dialyzable?
Phenytoin is not dialyzable by a conventional hemodialysis machine but can be dialyzed by a high permeability type of hemodialysis. To know more about the different types of dialysis and dialysability of Phenytoin, please consult your doctor.
Q. Is Phenytoin teratogenic (cause birth defects)?
Phenytoin is teratogenic. Based on human experience, Phenytoin is suggested to cause congenital malformations (birth defects) when given during pregnancy. It can cause defects of the heart, brain, fingers and can decrease the growth of the unborn baby.
Q. Is Phenytoin a cytochrome P450 (CYP450) inducer?
Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) is an enzyme which causes metabolism (breakdown) of many drugs. Phenytoin is a CYP450 enzyme inducer (increases the working of CYP450) causing increased breakdown of some medicines given along with Phenytoin (known as drug-drug interactions). Please consult your doctor before taking any medicines along with Phenytoin as it may affect the metabolism of the medicines which are metabolized by CYP450 for example Vitamin D.
Q. Is Phenytoin basic or acidic?
Phenytoin is a weakly acidic drug.
Q. Is Phenytoin addictive?
Phenytoin has not been reported to have any addictive potential and it does not show any symptoms of dependence. However, it should be taken for the duration as advised by your doctor.
Q. Does Phenytoin get you high?
Phenytoin does not give you a high.
Q. Does Phenytoin cause hyponatremia?
Phenytoin does not cause hyponatremia (low sodium levels). However, Phenytoin is known to cause hypernatremia (high serum sodium level >145 mmol/L).
Q. Does Phenytoin cause QT prolongation?
Phenytoin is not known to cause QT prolongation (abnormal heart rhythm). However, it can rarely cause abnormal heart rhythms. Please talk to your doctor if you have any abnormal heart rhythm (beats) while taking Phenytoin.
Q. Does Phenytoin affect thyroid?
Thyroid function may get affected while you are taking Phenytoin, especially in children. Thyroid function should be monitored while taking Phenytoin. Please consult your doctor if you have hypothyroidism or a history of hypothyroidism.
Q. Does Phenytoin cause weight gain?
Phenytoin has not been reported to cause weight gain. However, weight loss can occur with longer term use of a higher dose of Phenytoin. Please consult your doctor if you experience weight gain after taking Phenytoin.
Q. Does Phenytoin make you sleepy (sedation)?
Phenytoin can make you feel sleepy (sedation, somnolence, and drowsiness). Please consult your doctor if you feel very sleepy after taking Phenytoin, especially during the first few weeks of treatment or following a dose increase. Talk to your doctor as you may be advised not to drive or use machines until it is established that your ability to perform such activities is not affected.
Q. Does Phenytoin affect birth control?
Phenytoin does affect birth control. Phenytoin can decrease the effect of oral contraceptives (birth control pills) which can make the contraceptive (birth control) effect unreliable. Please talk to your doctor if you are asked to take the two medicines together as you may need to use extra protection for birth control.
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