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food interaction for F & A

alcohol interaction for F & A

pregnancy interaction for F & A

lactation interaction for F & A

food
alcohol
pregnancy
lactation
Avoid F & a 0.25mg/20mg tablet sr with grapefruit juice.
UNSAFE
F & a 0.25mg/20mg tablet sr may cause excessive drowsiness and calmness with alcohol.
UNSAFE
F & a 0.25mg/20mg tablet sr is unsafe to use during pregnancy.
There is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk, for example in life-threatening situations. Please consult your doctor.
WEIGH RISKS VS. BENEFITS
F & a 0.25mg/20mg tablet sr is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
UNSAFE

SALT INFORMATION FOR F & A

Alprazolam(0.25mg)

Uses

Alprazolam is used in the treatment of short term anxiety

How it works

Alprazolam works by increasing the action of GABA, a chemical messenger which suppresses the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

Common side effects

Sleepiness, Slurred speech, Memory impairment, Uncoordinated body movements, Dizziness, Dry mouth, Fatigue, Irritability, Constipation, Headache, Depression
Fluoxetine(20mg)

Uses

Fluoxetine is used in the treatment of post traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and phobia

How it works

Fluoxetine increases the levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a chemical messenger in the brain that helps in regulating the mood.

Common side effects

Nausea, Diarrhoea, Insomnia (difficulty in sleeping), Headache, Fatigue

SUBSTITUTES FOR F & A

No substitutes found

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Expert advice FOR F & A

  • Notify your doctor immediately if you are or are planning to become pregnant during the administration of this medicine.
     
  • Alprazolam may be addictive, so take it as prescribed by the doctor. 
  • Do not discontinue the use of Alprazolam, unless the doctor has advised you. Discontinuation may cause withdrawal symptoms, which may include seizures.
  • Alprazolam may cause memory problems, drowsiness, confusion, especially in elderly patients. 
  • Most people may find that it gets less effective over time. 
  • Avoid driving after taking Alprazolam as it may cause drowsiness, dizziness, and confusion. 
  • Avoid consuming alcohol when taking Alprazolam, it may cause excessive drowsiness. 

Frequently asked questions FOR F & A

Alprazolam

Q.

What is alprazolam used for?
Alprazolam is used to relieve excess (moderate to severe) anxiety and to treat anxiety associated with depression. It is not to be used for mild anxiety associated with stress of day today life situations.

Q.

Is alprazolam safe?
Alprazolam is safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor

Q.

Is alprazolam a sleeping pill?
No, alprazolam is a not a sleeping pill

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Q.

Is alprazolam a controlled substance?
Yes, alprazolam is a controlled substance

Q.

Is alprazolam addictive?
Yes, the use of alprazolam has addictive potential. Its use is associated with risk of addiction for physical or psychological effects. The abrupt discontinuation of alprazolam is therefore not advised to avoid serious withdrawal symptoms.

Q.

Is alprazolam an opiate?
No, alprazolam is not an opioid, it belongs to a class of substances called benzodiazepines.

Q.

Is alprazolam a MAO inhibitor?
No, alprazolam is not a mono-amine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI). It has no known inhibitory action on mono-amine oxidase (MAO) enzyme.

Q.

Is alprazolam a blood thinner?
No, alprazolam has no known effect on blood or any action as blood thinner. It belongs to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines and is used to relieve excess anxiety.

Q.

Is alprazolam an anti-depressant?
No, alprazolam is not an anti-depressant. It is used to relieve excess anxiety and to treat anxiety associated with depression.

Q.

Is alprazolam used for sleep?
No, alprazolam is not indicated for sleep.

Q.

Is alprazolam a narcotic drug?
No, alprazolam is not a narcotic medicine.

Q.

Is alprazolam banned in India?
No, alprazolam is not banned in India, however, it is available only by prescription from physician or doctor.

Q.

Is alprazolam safe during pregnancy?
Alprazolam should not be used during pregnancy unless it is absolutely necessary and is advised by the doctor. Alprazolam use especially during the last trimester and before and during delivery can have harmful effects on the baby like respiratory depression (difficult and slow breathing) and these can stay even after the child is born.

Q.

Is alprazolam habit forming substance?
Yes, alprazolam is a habit forming substance. It is possible to become dependent on alprazolam and there are high chances that you may experience withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking alprazolam. Please take alprazolam only as advised by your doctor. Kindly inform your doctor if you have a history of using habit forming substances as your doctor would be able to advise you better regarding the use of alprazolam.

Q.

Can I take alprazolam for a hangover?
No, alprazolam is not indicated for managing a hangover. Rather, alprazolam should not be taken with alcohol as both the substances can cause excessive sleep (sedation) and depress your brain.

Q.

Can I take alprazolam for alcohol withdrawal?
No, alprazolam is not indicated for the management of alcohol withdrawal.

Q.

Does alprazolam reduce blood pressure?
Lowering of blood pressure is seen if you take more than prescribed dose of alprazolam. Please consult your doctor if you experience excessive fall in blood pressure while you are taking alprazolam.

Q.

Does alprazolam make you sleepy?
Yes, alprazolam makes you sleepy. Sedation (sleepiness) is a very common side effect of alprazolam. Please consult your doctor if you are prescribed alprazolam and your work requires you to remain alerted or you drive yourself as it may affect your driving.

Q.

Does alprazolam expire?
Yes, like any other medicine, alprazolam also has an expiry date.

Q.

Does alprazolam cause weight gain?
Change in weight (both weight gain and weight loss) has been reported as a common side effect with alprazolam. Please consult your doctor if you experience disproportionate change in weight when you are taking alprazolam.

Q.

Does alprazolam cause hair loss?
Hair loss has not been reported with the use of alprazolam.

Q.

Does alprazolam contain monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI)?
No, alprazolam does not contain monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI).

Q.

Can I take alprazolam with hydrocodone?
Alprazolam should not be taken with hydrocodone. Alprazolam belong to a class od medicines called benzodiazepines and hydrocodone belongs to the class of medicines called opioids. Both the classes cause sedation (increased tenedency to sleep) and respiratory depression (slow and difficult breathing). Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Q.

Can I take alprazolam with paracetamol?
No, interactions have been reported between alprazolam and paracetamol. However, this does not mean that no interactions exist. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Q.

Can I take alprazolam with prednisone?
Prednisolone may increase the metabolism (breakdown) of alprazolam and hence decrease the levels of alprazolam in the body which may decrease the effect of alprazolam and a higher dose may be need. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Q.

Can I take alprazolam with clonazepam?
Alprazolam should not be taken with clonazepam as both the medicines belong to the same class of medicines called benzodiazepines. When taken together, they can cause sedation (increased tenedency to sleep) and respiratory depression (slow and difficult breathing). Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Q.

Can I take alprazolam with oxycodone?
Alprazolam should not be taken with oxycodone. Alprazolam belong to a class of medicines called benzodiazepines and oxycodone belong to the class of medicines called opioids. Both the classes cause sedation (increased tenedency to sleep) and respiratory depression (slow and difficult breathing). Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Q.

Can I take alprazolam with tramadol?
Alprazolam should not be taken with tramadol. Alprazolam belong to a class of medicines called benzodiazepines and tramadol belong to the class of medicines called opioids. Both the classes cause sedation (increased tenedency to sleep) and respiratory depression (slow and difficult breathing). Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Q.

Can I take alprazolam with ibuprofen?
No, interactions have been reported between alprazolam and ibuprofen. However, this does not mean that no interactions exist. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Q.

Can I take alprazolam with sertraline?
No, interactions have been reported between alprazolam and sertraline. However, this does not mean that no interactions exist. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Q.

Can I take alprazolam with buspirone?
No, interactions have been reported between alprazolam and buspirone. However, this does not mean that no interactions exist. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Fluoxetine

Q.

Is fluoxetine addictive?
No, patients should follow the advice of the doctor regarding its use

Q.

Is fluoxetine a mono amine oxidase inhibitor?
No, fluoxetine belongs to a class of medications called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

Q.

Is fluoxetine a narcotic/controlled substance?
No, patients should follow the advice of the doctor regarding its use

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Q.

Is fluoxetine safe?
Fluoxetine is safe, if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor

Q.

Does fluoxetine cause headache/constipation/weight gain/sleepiness/fatigue?
Headache is a side effect with the use of fluoxetine however constipation/weight gain/sleepiness/fatigue has not been reported. Patients should consult doctors regarding the possible side effects

Q.

Can I take fluoxetine for anxiety?
No, it is used for the treatment of major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bulimia nervosa and panic disorder

Q.

Is fluoxetine a placebo?
No, it is an active drug belonging to a class of medications called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRIs) antidepressants

Q.

Is fluoxetine a stimulant?
No, fluoxetine belongs to a class of medications called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) antidepressants

Q.

Can I take fluoxetine with diazepam/phentermine/naproxem/ amitriptyline/ paracetamol/Nyquil/tramadol/ ibuprofen/ citalopram?
With tramadol there is an increased risk of hypertension, amitriptyline may possibly change the blood levels of fluoxetine. No clinically observed drug interaction has been reported with diazepam, phentermine, naproxen, paracetamol, Nyquil, ibuprofen and citalopram. Please consult your doctor when using concomitantly

Q.

How long can I take fluoxetine?
It is advisable to take this drug only till prescribed by the doctor.

Q.

Can I take fluoxetine with tramadol?
When tramadol is taken along with fluoxetine, there can be an increased risk of serotonin syndrome (fever, muscle stiffness or tremor, changes in your mental state like confusion, irritability, and extreme agitation). Consult a doctor before taking the two medicines together as you would need do more frequent monitoring.

Q.

Is fluoxetine safe?
Fluoxetine is safe if taken for prescribed duration in prescribed doses as advised by your doctor.


Q.

Is fluoxetine addictive?
Fluoxetine is not addictive in nature. No habit forming potential has been seen with its use. Always follow your doctor's advice regarding the duration of its use.

Q.

Is fluoxetine safe in pregnancy?
There have been some reports showing an increased risk of birth defects affecting the heart in babies when the mother took fluoxetine during the first few months of pregnancy. When taken during the last three months of pregnancy, it may increase the risk of a serious condition in babies, called persistent pulmonary hypertension of the new born (PPHN), making the baby breathe faster and appear bluish. These symptoms usually begin during the first 24 hours after the baby is born. So, it is advisable not to use fluoxetine during pregnancy. If you are pregnant or you are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor for advice before taking this medicine.

Q.

Is fluoxetine a selective serotonin re−uptake inhibitor (SSRI)?
Fluoxetine is an antidepressant drug and belongs to the class of selective serotonin re−uptake inhibitors (SSRIs). In adults, this medicine is used to treat major depressive episodes, eating disorder (bulimia nervosa) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). In children and adolescents aged eight years and above, it is used to treat moderate to severe major depressive disorder. Consult a doctor if you think you are suffering from depression as the treatment should always be taken as advised by a doctor.

Q.

Is fluoxetine a controlled substance?
Fluoxetine is not a controlled substance. It's a prescription medicine and is available on providing a valid prescription.

Q.

Is fluoxetine a narcotic?
Fluoxetine is not a narcotic substance. It belongs to a group of medicines called selective serotonin re−uptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants.

Q.

Is fluoxetine a benzodiazepine?
Fluoxetine is not a benzodiazepine. It belongs to a group of medicines called selective serotonin re−uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) antidepressants.

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Content on this page was last updated on 08 March, 2017, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)