Spironolactone is used in the treatment of hyperaldosteronism (the body produces too much aldosterone, a naturally occurring hormone); low potassium levels; heart failure; and in patients with edema (fluid retention) caused by various conditions, including liver, or kidney disease. It is also used alone or with other medications to treat high blood pressure.
How it works
Spironolactone belongs to a class of medications called aldosterone receptor antagonists. It causes the kidneys to eliminate unneeded water and sodium from the body into the urine, but reduces the loss of potassium from the body.
Common side effects
Gastrointestinal disturbances, Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Itching of skin, Breast pain, Nausea, Loss of hair, Changes in libido, Liver problems, Pale red raised itchy skin, Leg cramps, Increased potassium level, Abnormal blood counts, Abnormally large breasts in male, Electrolyte disturbances, Acute renal failure., Confusion, Feeling sick, Dizziness, Drug rash, Serious widespread allergic reaction with rash involving skin and internal lining of organ, Breast tumours, Menstrual disorders